The Draconic Language

The language of dragons is one of the oldest forms of communication. According to the wyrms, it is second only to the languages of the outsiders, and all mortal tongues are descended from it. Its script was likely created long after its spoken form was standardized, as dragons have less need to write than other races. Some scholars believe Draconic script might have been influenced by Dwarven runes, but the wise don’t express this opinion within hearing of a dragon.
Many reptilian races use crude versions of Draconic, including lizardfolk and troglodytes. It is likely that these races were once taught or enslaved by dragons, and it is even possible that they took Draconic for their own simply to make a claim to common ancestry. The Draconic script is also used when a written form is needed for the elemental languages of Auran and Ignan. Despite this commonality, it is no easier for someone who knows Draconic to learn the languages of air and fire creatures.
Slight variations exist in the dialect of Draconic that is used by the various kinds of chromatic dragons. These differences are similar to regional accents. They form no impediment to understanding, but they are sufficiently obvious for a native speaker to know whether someone learned to speak Draconic from a red or green dragon. The various metallic dragons all have similar accents, but the chromatic dragons each have their own slight differences in pronunciation. In general, Draconic has not changed significantly for hundreds, if not thousands, of years.
Draconic sounds harsh to most other creatures and includes numerous hard consonants and sibilants. It includes sounds that humans generally describe as hissing (sj, ss, and sv) as well as a noise that sounds a great deal like a beast clearing its throat (ach).
Words that modify other words can be placed before or after the word they modify. The most important modifier is always placed before, and it might be placed directly after as well if additional emphasis on the modifier is desired.
A speaker of Draconic who wanted to say a big, black, evil dragon was approaching, but wanted the fact that it was evil more than anything else might say, “Malsvir darastrix turalisj vutha gethrisj leirith” or even “Malsvir darastrix turalisj vutha malsvir gethrisj leirith.”
Most Draconic words have emphasis placed on the first syllable. Important ideas are emphasized in spoken Draconic by stressing the beginning and end of the word. In the written form, important words are marked with a special symbol of six lines radiating outward, similar to an asterisk (*). This device is most often used by dragons when referring to themselves. The dragon Karajix would pronounce his name KA-raj-IX, and it would be written *Karajix*. This emphasis is also sometimes used when commanding, threatening, warning, or making a point.
Draconic has no specific word for “my” or “mine,” instead using several prefixes depending on the exact meaning. A physical object claimed as a possession by a dragon speaker would begin with “veth” or “vethi,” an individual with a relationship to the dragon (such as a friend or relative) begins with “er” or “ethe,” and all other forms of possessiveness are represented by putting “ar” or “ari” before a word.
Thus for a dragon to say “my sword” or “the sword is mine” he need only say “vethicaex,” and “arirlym” translates as “my enemy.” When indicating possession by another, combine the name of the possessor with the object possessed into a single word that starts with “ar” or “ari.”


Here are some sample sentences and their translations into Draconic. Note that since the list of vocabulary words is very limited, some approximations have been employed.
Mialee, talk to the well-dressed (fashionable) spellscale.
Mialee, ukris arcath thul.

The dragonborn says the magic sword we want is in the green dragon’s lair (fortress).
Ux Bahamuti ner levex caex levex yth tuor persvek darastrix vutha hurthi.

The dragonborn dwarf serves the prophecy.
Ux Bahamuti tibur tundar faestir lorsvek.

The spawn of Tiamat is evil and dangerous. We should study (learn of) our enemy.
Tiathar malsvir vur korth. Yth vor irlym.

Shut up you stupid kobold! Get in there!
Thric ner, *pothoc* wux petisse! *Gethrisj* persvek!

Tordek, hit the orc with your axe.
Tordek, vargach ghik mrith aritordekgarurt.

A red dragon! Scram!
Charir *darastrix*! *Osvith*!

Krusk is dead. He died with much bravery.
Krusk loex. Loreat mrith *sveargith*.

We battled through the night.
Yth vargach erekess thurkear.

Check out all this gold! Tomorrow we’ll be kings!
Ocuir throden *aurix*! Earenk yth *maekrix*!

Magical and powerful, dragons are superior beings (leaders).
Arcaniss vur versel, darastrix maekrix.

The secrets of the dragon’s treasure are in this scroll.
Ardarastrixrasvim irthos persvek sjir.

Dragon’s blood flows in a sorcerer.
Aridarastrixiejir gethrisj persvek vorastrix.

Please don’t disembowel the dwarf.
Martivir thric gixustrat tundar.

Basic Vocabulary 1

(I'll try and put it into an easier to read 4 or 5 columns later, sorry for the long list.)

Common Draconic
above svern
adventurer toovir
after ghent
air thrae
and vur
animal baeshra
armor litrix
arrow vaess
ash vignar
axe garurt
bag waeth
battle vargach
beautiful vorel
bronze aujir
before ghoros
behind zara
below vhir
beside unsinti
big turalisj
black vutha
bleed rhyisj
blood iejir
blue ulhar
book turasjir
bow vaex
born as tibur
burn valignat
bravery sveargith
breathe frahr
breath weapon frahraek
breed maurg
bribe durah
but shar
cave waere
celestial athear
century ierikc
child vrak
cleric sunathaer
claw gix
copper rach
cow rhyvos
coward faessi
crippled thurgix
dance vaeri
danger korth
darkvision sverak
day kear
dead loex
deity urathear
demon kothar
die loreat
disembowel gixustrat
draconic creature darss
dragon darastrix
dragonblood darastrixethe
dragonborn ux Bahamuti
dwarf tundar
earth edar
elf vaecaesin
enchanted levex
enemy irlym
evil malsvir
expand turalisjth
eye sauriv
far karif
fashionable thul
fate haurach
female aesthyr
few lauth
fire ixen
flee osvith
fly austrat
food achthend
for ihk
forest caesin
fortress hurthi
friend thurirl
gem kethend
give majak
gnome terunt
go gethrisj
gold aurix
good bensvelk
green achuak
half-dragon darasv
halfling rauhiss
hammer jhank
hate dartak
heal irisv
holy ioth
home okarthel
human munthrek
if sjek
in persvek
invigorate strix
iron usk
kill svent
knowledge irthir
kobold petisse
leader maekrix
learn vor
magic arcaniss
male sthyr
many throden
meat rhyaex
mountain verthicha
name ominak
near leirith
night thurkear
no thric
nor thur
normal munth
ogre ghontix
on shafaer
one ir
or usv
orc ghik
pain loerchik
peace martivir
pillage thadarsh
platinum ux
powerful versel
prolong ssearth
prophecy lorsvek
protect troth
quest geth
rain oposs
red charir
replenish veschik
rest ssifisv
ruler ssissth
savior of bejik
scroll sjir
secret irthos
see ocuir
serve faestir
shadow sjach
shrink kosjth
silent ssej
silver orn
skin (hide) molik
slaughter kurik
slayer of fintir
small kosj
smart othokent
so zyak
soar hysvear
song miirik
sorcerer vorastrix
speaker lexi
spawn of Tiamat tiathar
speak renthisj
spear ner
spellscale arcath
star isk
steel vyth
stone ternesj
stop pok
storm kepesk
strong versvesh
stupid pothoc
sword caex
take clax
talk ukris
thief virlym
through erekess
to ekess
tomorrow earenk
travel ossalur
treasure rasvim
tooth oth
ugly nurh
undead kaegro
under onureth
unfashionable nurthul
valley arux
victory vivex
want tuor
war aryte
warrior arytiss
water hesjing
we yth
wealth noach
weapon laraek
white aussir
with mrith
wizard levethix
wood grovisv
word lex
year eorikc
yellow yrev
yes axun
yet sjerit
wux you

BASIC VOCABULARY: Draconic - Common

Draconic Common

achthend food
achuak green
aesthyr female
arcaniss magic
arcath spellscale
arux valley
aryte war
arytiss warrior
athear celestial
aujir bronze
aurix gold
aussir white
austrat fly
axun yes
baeshra animal
bejik savior of
bensvelk good
caesin forest
caex sword
charir red
clax take
darastrix dragon
darastrixethe dragonblood
darasv half-dragon
darss draconic creature
dartak hate
durah bribe
earenk tomorrow
edar earth
ekess to
eorikc year
erekess through
faessi coward
faestir serve
fintir slayer of
frahr breathe
frahraek breath weapon
garurt axe
geth quest
gethrisj go
ghent after
ghik orc
ghontix ogre
ghoros before
gix claw
gixustrat disembowel
grovisv wood
haurach fate
hesjing water
hurthi fortress
hysvear soar
iejir blood
ierikc century
ihk for
ioth holy
ir one
irisv heal
irlym enemy
irthir knowledge
irthos secret
isk star
ixen fi re
jhank hammer
kaegro undead
karif far
kear day
kepesk storm
kethend gem
korth danger
kosj small
kosjth shrink
kothar demon
kurik slaughter
laraek weapon
lauth few
leirith near
levethix wizard
levex enchanted
lex word
lexi speaker
litrix armor
loerchik pain
loex dead
loreat die
lorsvek prophecy
maekrix leader
majak give
malsvir evil
martivir peace
maurg breed
miirik song
molik skin (hide)
mrith with
munth normal
munthrek human
ner spear
noach wealth
nurh ugly
nurthul unfashionable
ocuir see
okarthel home
ominak name
onureth under
oposs rain
orn silver
ossalur travel
osvith fl ee
oth tooth
othokent smart
persvek in
petisse kobold
pok stop
pothoc stupid
rach copper
rasvim treasure
rauhiss halfling
renthisj speak
rhyaex meat
rhyisj bleed
rhyvos cow
sauriv eye
shafaer on
shar but
sjach shadow
sjek if
sjerit yet
sjir scroll
ssearth prolong
ssej silent
ssifi sv rest
ssissth ruler
sthyr male
strix invigorate
sunathaer cleric
sveargith bravery
svent kill
sverak darkvision
svern above
ternesj stone
terunt gnome
thadarsh pillage
thrae air
thric no
throden many
thul fashionable
thur nor
thurgix crippled
thurirl friend
thurkear night
tiathar spawn of Tiamat
tibur born as
toovir adventurer
troth protect
tundar dwarf
tuor want
turalisj big
turalisjth expand
turasjir book
ukris talk
ulhar blue
unsinti beside
urathear deity
usk iron
usv or
ux platinum
ux Bahamuti dragonborn
vaecaesin elf
vaeri dance
vaess arrow
vaex bow
valignat burn
vargach battle
versel powerful
versvesh strong
veschik replenish
verthicha mountain
vhir below
vignar ash
virlym thief
vivex victory
vor learn
vorastrix sorcerer
vorel beautiful
vrak child
vur and
vutha black
vyth steel
waere cave
waeth bag
wux you
yrev yellow
yth we
zara behind
zyak so

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