List Of Building Styles And Types

Yurt. Haberdashery. Acropolis. Like the fauna you choose
for your setting, the type of buildings you choose set the
tone you wish to convey. Whether they live in yurts in the
wild steppes or rule a far flung land from a citadel high atop
a sea bound precipice, buildings convey the time and place
of your setting. If you take your reader into the wild steppe
lands where proud nomads live, then yurts or wickiups
must suffice, but when building a city it is necessary to
house its populace with structures for employment and
government.
Below are all you’ll need to build a society of simple constructions
or one which includes the whole vast armada of
urban life.
Residential, Tent/Temporary
Hogan: A conical, hexagonal, or octagonal dwelling
(characteristic of the Navaho Indian) made with a door
traditionally facing east and constructed of logs and sticks
covered with mud, sods, or adobe or sometimes made of
stones.
Igloo: A small house usually made of sod, wood, or stone
when permanent or of snow blocks in the shape of a dome
when built for temporary purposes.
Lodge: A small or temporary dwellin; a rude shelter or
abode (as a hut, cabin, tent).
Pavilion: A large tent with a tall, pointed, often conical
roof.
Teepee (tipi): An American Indian conical tent used
especially by the Plains tribes and consisting of a covering
usually of skins spread over a frame of poles; a kind of
lodge.
Tent: A collapsible shelter of canvas or other material
stretched and sustained by poles, usually made fast by
ropes attached to pegs hammered into the ground.
Wickiup: A hut used by the nomadic Indians of the arid
regions of the western and southwestern United States
that is typically elliptical in form and has a rough frame
covered with reed mats or grass or brushwood.
Wigwam: A hut of the Indians of the region of the Great
Lakes and eastward having typically an arched top and
consisting of a framework of poles overlaid with bark, rush
mats, or hides.
Yurt: A circular domed tent consisting of skins or felt
stretched over a collapsible lattice framework and used by
the Kirghiz and other Mongol nomads of Siberia; yurts are
frequently set atop broad wagons.
Residence
Apartment: A room or a set of rooms used as a dwelling
and located in a private house, an inn, or a building
containing only such rooms or suites with necessary
passages and hallways.
Boarding house: A private residence in which persons
can pay a fee for lodging and board.
Bungalow: A lightly built cottage or single-story house
(originally of the Far East) that is usually thatched or tiled
and surrounded by a veranda, this usually a roofed, open
gallery or portico attached to the exterior of a building and
used for sitting out of doors.
Bunkhouse: A rough simple building providing sleeping
quarters with bunk beds such as provided for
construction workers, farm harvesters, logging crews, and
ranch hands.
Cabin: A structure of stakes with withes woven between
them and a roof of thatch; a structure of horizontal logs
with clay and moss chinking between them and a roof of
various crude sorts.
Chalet: A cottage or house characterized by unconcealed
structural members that are often emphasized by
decorative carving, it having a roof with a wide overhang
at the front and sides, and balconies and an exterior
staircase under the eaves.
Cot: A small house; a cottage or hut.
Cote: The holding of a cotter consisting typically of a
house or hut and five acres of land, or less land and a shed
or coop for small domestic animals.
Cottage: The dwelling of a rural laborer, small farmer, or
miner; a small hut or shack built as a temporary or
occasional shelter typically for shepherds or hunters.
Dugout: A shelter or primitive dwelling excavated in a
hillside or dug in the ground, sometimes with outside
wooden piles to raise its roof higher, and roofed with sod.
Hall: The largest room in a castle or the house of a
medieval aristocrat.
Hotel: A house licensed by the community to provide
lodging and usually meals, entertainment, and various
personal services for the public.
Hostel: A house for lodging that is usually maintained by
a public or private organization or institution; a hotel.
House: A structure intended or used for human
habitation; a building that serves as a residence or
domicile especially as contrasted with a place of business.
Hovel: A shed or open-sided roofed shelter for human
beings; a poor cottage or hut.
Hut: A structure that is usually meant to be temporary, the
simplest of which are conical and constructed of branches,
rushes, and turf.
Hutch: A pen or coop for an animal.
Lean-to: A rough construction formed by a sloping roof
supported typically by two uprights at its corners, its back
wall that of a building against which it abuts.
Lodge: A rustic building used by aristocrats when away
from home while hunting or fishing, a house set apart for
residence in the hunting or other special season; a house
on an estate for the use of a gamekeeper, caretaker, porter,
or similar person; a small or temporary dwelling (as a hut,
cabin, tent) used mainly by uncivilized natives.
Loft: The uppermost portion of a building, such as an attic,
garret, or hayloft.
Log cabin: A four-sided dwelling of roughly stacked logs
chinked with clay and moss or like substance, usually with
a dirt floor.
Log house: A large construction of well-fitted logs with
multiple rooms typical of the north (Scandinavia) and
certain aboriginal peoples.
Manor: The house and attendant land of a gentleman,
knight, lord; a landed estate, its owner enjoying a variety
of rights over the land and tenants thereof, including the
right to hold (low) court and usually having tenants of
varying degrees of freedom and servitude (freeman, cotter,
vellein) and marked by a large degree of economic selfsufficiency.
Manse: The house of the holder of a homestead, or the
residence of a clergyman.
Mansion: The house (manor house) of the owner of a
manor; a large imposing residence serving as a dwelling or
lodging place.
Moat house: A fortified residence of manor house sort that
is surrounded by a moat containing water.
Palace: The official residence of a sovereign, great noble,
or of a high ecclesiastic.
Penny-rent: A public house for the lodging of workers or
travelers at a nominal rent.
Pension: Accommodations at a hotel or boardinghouse; a
regular sum of money
Rooming house: A house where rooms are provided, often
somewhat arbitrarily defined for the purpose of regulation
under a particular statute or ordinance, and usually with
provision for board at an extra charge.
Shack: A small roughly built and often crudely furnished
single-story house.
Shanty: A small poorly built dwelling usually made of
wood.
Sod house: A house with walls built of sod or turf laid in
horizontal layers.
Vicarage: The house or benefice of a vicar (a
ecclesiastical representative or agent).
Villa: A detached or semidetached residence with yard
and garden space generally in the suburbs of a community
or in the country.
Commercial
Abattoir (slaughterhouse): An establishment where
animals are butchered for market.
Accountant: The office room or rooms of one that is skilled
in the practice of accounting and does so to earn a
livelihood.
Ale house: A public structure where ale and beer are sold
to be drunk on the premises (and sometimes to be carried
off premises).
Apothecary: The place where medicinal drugs and
compounds for medicinal purposes are sold.
Armorer (Armory): the place where armor or arms are
made and sold.
Baiting pit (bear, bull, cock fighting, dog fighting):
Usually a structure that contains a central place, the pit, in
which animals fight, this enclosure being surrounded by
places where the spectators can stand or sit.
Bakery: The establishment where breads, cakes, cookies,
pastries are made and sold.
Bank: The establishment in which money from individuals
and group entities is kept in safety.
Barber: The establishment in which the cutting and
dressing of (men’s) hair takes place, as well as shaving and
trimming beards, and baths.
Bath house: An establishment, often in a house or
building, equipped and used for persons paying a fee to
bathe and cleans themselves.
Blacksmith: A smithy; an establishment where the one
who works in iron with a forge, anvil, and hammers makes
metal into items such as horseshoes, nails, tools, etc.
Boatwright: An establishment where the building of small
watercraft takes place.
Book shop: An establishment where books and similar
things are the chief stock in trade.
Bowyer: An establishment where the person that makes
bows and/or crossbows sells his wares.
Brass smith: An establishment of one who works in brass
fashions and sells his wares.
Brewery: A building in which ale, beer, malt liquor, and
stout are brewed, aged, and sold, the person owning it
usually a master brewer.
Bronze founder: The place where bronze is alloyed and
cast into objects for sale.
Butcher (shop): An establishment where the flesh of
animals is prepared for sale to customers.
Button maker: An establishment in which buttons made
from various substances (bone, ivory, leather, shell, wood,
etc.) are made and sold.
Carpenter (shop): The place where those persons whose
occupation is to construct buildings and rough articles of
wood is or are housed.
Carpenter (joiner, shop): The place where those persons
whose occupation is to construct fine articles by shaping
and joining pieces of wood for the finishing of buildings or
for fine furniture work and sell their goods.
Carriage maker: The establishment where persons
construct horse-drawn vehicles of comfort and elegance
are designed, built and sold, the owner an artisan.
Carter: The establishment of one that drives a cart that
can be hired for transport of goods.
Cartographer: The establishment of one that makes and
sells maps, charts, etc.
Cartwright: The establishment of one that makes and
sells carts.
Chandler: The establishment of one of the maker and
seller of tallow and/or wax candles as well as soap.
Cobbler shop: The establishment of one that is a repairer
of shoes and other leather goods.
Coffee house: A place where coffee and other
refreshments are sold; sometimes an establishment similar
to a club that is a center for the dissemination of news and
for informal discussion of such things as literature, politics
and/or religion.
Cook house: A building for cooking food brought in for
such service, the customer paying for the process.
Cooper: The shop in which barrels of all sizes are made.
Copper Smith: An establishment of one that works in
copper fashions and sells his wares.
Cutler: An establishment of one that makes, sells, and
repairs edged or cutting implements such as scissors,
shears, knives, and eating utensils.
Dairy: An establishment where milk, cream, butter, and
cheese is sold.
Dance hall: A public hall offering for a fee facilities for
dancing.
Dentist: An establishment of one whose profession it is
to treat diseases of the teeth and gums and to make and
insert replacements for lost or damaged parts.
Distillery: A building in which alcoholic liquor is distilled
from fermented mash.
Doctor: The establishment of one that one skilled or
specializing in healing arts.
Draper: An establishment of one that deals in cloth and
sometimes also in clothing and dry goods.
Dress maker: An establishment of one that that is
involved in the trade of designing, making, and selling
fashionable, custom-made women’s clothing.
Dry goods store: A place where one may purchase
textiles, ready-to-wear clothing, and notions as distinguished
from hardware, jewelry, groceries, etc.
Exporter: The establishment of one that that exports at
wholesale to merchants and similar customers in foreign
countries.
Ferrier: The shop in which horses hooves are cared for,
horseshoes fitted and fixed in place.
Fish monger: An establishment of one that sells fish and
seafood.
Falconer: An establishment of one that breeds and/or
trains hunting hawks for sale or for a fee.
Fletcher: The establishment of maker and seller of arrows
and/or bolts and quarrels.
Fortune teller: The establishment of a person who for
payment uses various forms of divination to predict
(claimed) future events and/or influences in the life of the
customer.
Fruitier: The establishment of one who sells fruits.
Fuller: The establishment of one that fulls (shrinks and
thickens) cloth.
Furrier: The establishment of one that buys and sells
furs and fur products.
Gambling house: A business place where gambling is
carried on.
Gaming house: As gambling house in which individual
games for pairs or quartets of players are featured.
Gemner: The establishment of one who cuts precious
stones to be sold as jewelry or for use in precious
ornamentations, relics, etc.
General store: A
business which carries
a wide variety
convenience goods
and provisions.
Glass blower: The
establishment of one
that is skilled in the
art of shaping a mass
of molten glass by
inflating it by blowing
through a tube.
Glasser/glazier: The
establishment of one
that makes and/or
does glasswork.
Glover: The establishment of one that makes and sells
gloves.
Goldsmith: The establishment of an artisan who makes
jewelry, vessels, and other articles of gold and gold alloy.
Grocer: The establishment of a dealer in staple foodstuffs
(dried and preserved food, flour, sugar, etc.) and
household supplies.
Haberdashery: The establishment of one who deals in
buttons or in men’s furnishings.
Hair dresser: The establishment of one whose
occupation is the dressing of women’s hair and giving
beauty treatments.
Harness maker: The establishment of one that makes
harnesses and tack for draft and riding animals.
Hatter: The establishment of one that makes, sells, cleans
and repairs hats
Herbalist: The establishment of one that collects and
grows various medicinal and like herbs and prepares them
by various means for sale to customers.
Horse trader: The establishment of one who engages in
buying, selling and trading horses and mules.
Hosier: The establishment of one who makes and sells
hosiery (hose, stockings, tights).
Hostel: A public house for entertaining and lodging
travelers and is provided for a fee.
Importer: The establishment of one whose business is the
wholesale importation and sale of goods from foreign
countries.
Inn: A usually large public house for the lodging of
travelers for compensation; this establishment offering
many services including food, drink, business meeting
rooms, banking and notary services, goods storage, and
stabling.
Iron foundry: The establishment where iron is refined in
blast furnaces.
Ironmonger: One who deals in iron and hardware made
from iron.
Kennel: The establishment that breeds, trains, and houses
dogs and/or hounds for sale.
Laundry: A commercial establishment where laundering is
done (usually by laundresses).
Lawyer: The establishment of a specialist in and
practitioner of law.
Leather shop: An establishment that sells items made of
the hides and/or skins of animals, or some part of such
hides or skins, that have been tanned, tawed (tanned by
immersion in alum or salt), or otherwise dressed for use to
render it resistant to putrefaction and relatively soft and
flexible when dry.
Limner: The establishment of one that paints signs and
similar work depicting drawings.
Locksmith: The establishment of a craftsman who makes
and repairs locks.
Mason: The establishment of a skilled workman who
builds with stone or brick.
Money changer: The establishment of one whose
occupation is the exchanging of kinds or denominations of
money for a fee based on the amount of coinage changed.
Notary: The establishment of one appointed a public
officer appointed so as to acknowledge or otherwise attest
or certify deeds and other writings or copies of them, this
usually under official seal to make them authentic and to
take affidavits, depositions, and protests of negotiable
paper.
Occultist: The establishment of one that sells materials
(material), instruments, and tools integral to occult
practices.
Painter: The establishment of one who paints on
commission portraits or scenes or trains aspiring artists.
Pawn broker: The establishment of one that loans money
on the security of personal property given over as security
for the loan and retained in his keeping until the loan is
repaid.
Perfumery: The establishment of one that (sometimes)
makes and sells perfumes, colognes, and toilet waters.
Pewter smith: An establishment of one that alloys the
metals that combine to form pewter and works in this metal
to fashion wares and purvey them.
Playhouse: A building used for commercial dramatic
exhibitions. i.e. stage plays.
Plumber: The establishment of a tradesman who makes
pipes and other plumbing equipment, installs and repairs
such things.
Potter shop: An establishment wherein pottery is made
and sold.
Poulterer: The establishment of one that deals in poultry
(chickens, ducks, geese, etc.).
Public house: A saloon or bar that is licensed by
community authority to conduct such business.
Rat-killing arena: Usually a small structure that contains
a central place, the pit, in which small dogs are set loose to
kill rats placed therein, this enclosure being surrounded by
places where the spectators can stand or sit. (The dog that
kills the most rats in the time set being the winner of the
contest.)
Rope walk: A manufactory this is comprised of a long
narrow building containing a long path down which the
workers carry and lay the strands of fiber that form the
rope made thus.
Saddler: The establishment of one that makes, repairs, or
sells saddles and other furnishings (tack) for saddle
horses.
Sawyer: The establishment of one that saws logs or
timber (as in lumbering or in a sawmill).
Scrivener: The establishment of one who is a professional
or public copyist or writer.
Seamstress: The establishment of a woman who sews by
hand and whose occupation is making, altering, and/or
repairing garments, curtains, and household linens.
Shoemaker: The establishment of one that makes shoes,
boots, and like leather footwear.
Silversmith: The establishment of an artisan who alloys
and makes vessels, jewelry, or other articles of silver.
Slater: The establishment of one who works with slate,
usually making it into thin flat slabs for roof shingles
and siding.
Stable: The establishment of in a building, or part of a
building, in which domestic animals are lodged and fed in
stalls.
Stable & livery: A stable where one can also rent horses
and vehicles that are are kept for hire therein.
Surgeon: The establishment of one who is a medical
specialist practicing medicine concerned with diseases
and conditions requiring or amenable to operative or
manual procedures.
Swordsmith: The establishment of an artisan who forges
swords and similar weapons with a long blade for cutting
or thrusting.
Tailor: The establishment of one whose trade is making or
altering outer garments.
Tanner: The establishment of one that converts hides and
skins into leather by treatment with an infusion of tanninrich
bark or other agent (such as alum or salt) of similar
effect.
Tavern: An establishment where alcoholic beverages are
sold to be drunk on the premises; such places generally
serving food and likely to have rooms above for sleeping.
Tea house: A public house where tea and light
refreshments are sold.
Tiler: The establishment of one who specializes in a flat or
curved piece of fired clay (tiles) used especially for roofs,
floors, or walls and often for ornamental work.
Tinker: The establishment of one that is unspecialized in
a craft where the mending of household furniture and
utensils is done; a place where one can have edges
sharpened, items repaired, adjusted, or worked upon.
Tin smith: The establishment of one who makes and
repairs things of tin metal.
Thatcher: The establishment of one who covers rooftops
with thatch, straw supported by a fabrication of poles
interwoven with slender branches, withes, or reeds.
Trader: The establishment of a person who stocks, buys,
sells, and trades various forms of personal and similar
goods, new and used, ordinary or exotic.
Wagoner: The establishment of a person who drives and
transports goods by wagon.
Wainwright: The establishment of one who makes and
repairs wagons.
Weapon smith: The establishment of one who manufactures
various items such as axes, maces, pole-arms, etc.
Weaver: The establishment of one who forms cloth by
interlacing strands of thread or yarn on a loom by
interlacing warp and filling threads.
Wheelwright: The shop in which new wheels are made
and broken wheels are mended.
Wine merchant: The establishment of one that sells wine
(mainly from grapes) in bottles and larger containers,
whether domestic or imported.
Wire drawer: The establishment of one who manufactures
metal wire by heating and drawing it through
successively smaller openings.
Religious
Abbey: The buildings that comprise a monastery and
governed by an abbot.
Bishop’s palace: A majestic abode, official residence of a
bishop of archbishop—in a fantasy milieu this would be a
high priest or archpriest.
Cathedral: The church of a bishop—in a fantasy milieu
this would be a grand temple.
Chapel: A small religious structure temple-like sort for
worship services; also a room in a larger structure or a
recess in a church (temple) separately dedicated to a
particular holy entity devoted to meditation
and prayer.
Church: A place of divine worship or religious service for
any religion.
Convent: A monastery for females governed by an abbess.
Dagoba: A dome with a spire on top that is crowned by a
pinnacle that enshrines sacred relics or the bodily remains
of a deity and/or other objects of veneration; a sort of
shrine.
Dewal: A sacred place of rest, typically decorated with
wall paintings and intricate carvings; a sort of shrine.
Fane: A small temple.
Friary: The buildings that comprise a monastic
association of preaching and teaching monks that lack
land to support its operation and so relies on donations,
the place being governed by a prior.
Hostel: Housing for travelers typically maintained by a
religious institution.
Joss House: A shrine or fane for worship.
Manse: The residence of an ecclesiastic.
Monastery: The buildings that comprise a place of
religious retirement, usually secluded from the world, for
persons under religious vows.
Nunnery: See convent.
Oratorian: A religious society of dedicated and ordained
ecclesiasts that live a community life but do not take
special vows to an order or society.
Pagoda: A tower-like structure of several stories usually
richly decorated and displaying projecting concavely
curved roofs at the division of each story that terminate in
sharp points turned upward; such a place is a grand shrine
or temple that is in isolation or as an adjunct to other
sacred buildings.
Pantheon: All of the deities of a particular religion; a great
temple dedicated to all the gods of a particular religion.
Parsonage: A parish church (area fane) and the income
attached to it (as from rights, glebes, and tithes); the
house, or the house and land, provided by a parish or
congregation for its pastor’s (priest’s) use.
Priory: The buildings that comprise a place of religious
association, one not secluded from the world, for persons
under religious vows to teach and preach. In general a
priory has no income from rights, lands, and rents and
relies upon tithes and donations for its support. (In the
Christian faith one ranks immediately below an abbey.)
Pyramid: A structure with a square base and four
triangular sides. One of the oldest constructs and
generally built as a temple or tomb.
Rectory: An estate granted to an ecclesiastic for life only
and held on the mere good pleasure of the donor, usually
held by a rector.
Sacellum: A small monumental chapel in a church
(temple), or an unroofed space in a building consecrated to
a deity.
Sanctum: A sacred place free from intrusion.
Stupa: A kind of shrine; a hemispherical or cylindrical
mound or tower constructed of earth, brick, and/or stone
that is surmounted by a spire or umbrella, and containing a
chamber in which a relic or relics are housed and
venerated.
Temple: An edifice dedicated to the worship of a deity or
deities—in the fantasy world such a place is synonymous
with a large church, as grand or great temple coincide with
cathedral.
Tope: A kind of shrine that is similar to a stupa.

Temple, Possible Portions of
Altar: A table, stand, etc. that is used for sacred purposes,
such as sacrifices and offerings to an ancestor or god, in a
place of worship.
Apse: In ancient churches, the bishops seat or throne.
Also known as the vaulted semi-circular or polygonal recess
at the east end of the choir or chancel of a church, in
which the altar is placed.
Cell (room): A small room or cubicle as in a convent or
monastery. These serve as sparse living quarters.
Cella: The inner part of an ancient Greek or Roman temple,
exclusive of the porticoes.
Cellar: A room or group of rooms below the ground level
and usually under a building, often used for storing fuel,
provisions, etc.
Chantry: A small fane or large shrine-like room of a building
in which prayers are said continually.
Chapel: A secondary place of worship often attached to a
large church or cathedral, separately dedicated , and devoted
to special services.
Choir: The gallery area of a church designated for the
singers of divine service.
Clerestory: The wall of a church rising above the roofs of
the flanking isles and containing windows for lighting the
central part of the structue.
Cloister (and garden): An arcade or collonade around an
open court; an arched way or covered walk along the walls
of certain portions of ecclesiastical and monastic buildings.
Colonnade: An series or range of columns placed at certain
intervals.
Court, inner: An area somewhat like an outer court, but
within a castle or other large building and normally containing
a skylight.
Court, outer: An uncovered area wholly or partly surrounded
by buildings or walls adjoining a castle.
Crypt: That part of a basilica or cathedral below the floor.
Set apart for burial purposes, sometimes used as a chapel.
Diastyle: An area supported by columns that are spaced
wide apart.
Dome: A roof surrounded by a series of arches or vaults,
on a round or many-sided base, a cupola. These are usually
found on stately or majestic buildings such as cathedrals
or temples.
Hall: A large public or semi-public room for gatherings,
entertainments, dancing, eating , etc.
Hypostyle: An area supported by columns.
Library: A room or building where a collection of books,
etc. are kept for reading or reference.
Minaret: A high slender tower attached to a temple, with
one or more projecting balconies.
Narthex: An area at the west end of the church for penitents
and others not admitted to the church itself, and later
a vestibule within the church for the same purpose. Also,
any church vestibule leading to the nave.
Nave: The middle part of the body of a church, extending
from the baluster or rail, of the choir to the main entrance.
Oratory: A small chapel, one especially for private prayer.
Peristyle: A row of columns forming a enclosure or supporting
a roof, or any place or enclosure, as a court, so
formed.
Porch: A covered entrance to a building, usually projecting
from the wall and having a separate roof.
Refectory: A room of refreshment, a hall or apartment in a
convent or monastery, which serves as a dining hall.
Reliquary chamber: A place within a temple, which serves
as a shrine, where relics are kept and shown.
Sanctuary: A place within a church or temple set aside for
the worship of a god or gods, and also referred to as the
holy area around the altar.
Sacrarium: A shrine or sanctuary in a temple or building
that holds a sacred object or objects; a building such as a
shrine or fane erected for the performance of religious rites
by a sacred person.
Shrine: A small place of worship, either a separate structure
or an area within a larger religious structure or private
building that serves as a place for the performance of religious
services.
Sanctum: A sacred or private place such as a study or
private room where one is not to be disturbed.
Study: A room designed for study, writing, reading, etc.,
usually with books, a desk and similar furnishings.
Vestibule: A small entrance to a hall or room, either to a
building or a room within a building.
Vestry: A room in a church, where the clergy put on their
vestments, and the sacred vessels are kept, a sacristy.
Zita: Zita: A small parlor with a stove in it, a withdrawing
room, the living quarters of a church sexton.
Governmental and Military
Acropolis: The upper fortified part of a (historically an
ancient Greek) city (such as Athens).
Alcazar: A (Spanish) fortress or palace.
Basilica: An oblong, often religiously dedicated, building
typically with a broad nave flanked by colonnaded aisles
or porticoes and ending in a semicircular apse (as used in
ancient Rome especially for a court of justice and place of
public assembly).
Casbah: A castle or fortress of Arabic sort.
Castle: A large walled and fortified building or set of
buildings.
Citadel: A fortress that commands a city or that lies within
a castle.
Donjon: A massive inner tower in a medieval castle;
the keep or citadel.
Fort: A fortified place occupied only by military personnel
and surrounded with such works as a ditch, rampart, and
parapet.
Fortress: A large and permanent fort that sometimes
encompasses a town.
Hold: A place of temporary shelter or refuge; a place of
security or survival.
Keep: The strongest and securest part of a medieval
castle; typically the place of residence of the lord of the
castle.
Manor: The house and attendant land of a gentleman,
knight, lord; a landed estate.
Outpost: A position that is away from main civilization; a
security detachment thrown out at some distance to
protect an area from observation or surprise by the enemy.
Refuge: A place of shelter and/or protection from danger
or distress; a mountain hut or cabin erected to serve as
sleeping quarters for mountaineers; a home for those who
are destitute, homeless, or in disgrace; a sanctuary for
wildlife.
Safehold: A refuge that is safe from attack.
Stronghold: A fortified place, one of refuge or survival
such as a castle or fortress; a place occupied or dominated
by a special group or faction.
Rooms and Appurtenant Structures
Aisle: The side of an interior space separated by piers or
columns of other sort from the main space proper.
Alcove: A recessed part of a chamber or room or a smaller
room opening into a larger one.
Anteroom: A room that is before or forms an entrance to
another room or chamber; typically such a place is used as
a waiting room.
Arcade: An arched or vaulted place roofed above and
open on one side; otherwise an arched building or gallery
of some size, also an arched passageway or avenue, or a
covered passageway or way along which rows of shops
are located.
Atrium: An open court having a covered way on three or
all sides, these leading to covered spaces (chambers and
rooms, halls and passageways).
Bartizan: A small turret overhanging or projecting from a
wall or building structure, often near an entrance for
lookout and defense.
Bay: A compartment of the walls, roof, or other part of a
building or of the whole building that projects from the
main room; where Gothic arches are found, and the
transverse ones and adjacent piers form an arcade to
divide the building into bays.
Belvedere: A structure such as a copula that is built upon
a roof so as to have a good view; sometimes a
summerhouse.
Buttery: The room in which butts and like containers of
ale, beer, wine, etc. are kept.
Chancel: The part of a religious structure in which is
located the altar/table and the lectern or pulpit. It is usually
reserved for the clergy and serving laity such as a choir
during religious services, and it is usually on a higher level
than areas in which worshipers gather.
Chandlery: A candle storage room; also a place where
tallow and wax are made into candles.
Cistern: A well-like space for the collection of rain water,
this usually in the ground below a structure.
Cistern, wall: A cistern built into a wall rather than sunk
into the ground.
Cloak room: A place for outer garments to be taken off
and hung; also sometimes a room with lavatory and toilet.
Cloister: A covered passage or ambulatory, such as an
arcade, on the side of an open courtyard, typically having
one side walled and the other an open arcade or
colonnade; a cloister typically connects different
buildings of a group or runs round an open court in a
monastery or collegiate structure.
Coal room: A room for the storage of coal, it being in effect
a large bin.
Cold room: A room in which a low temperature is
maintained through being below ground or heavily
insulated and filled with ice or else magically kept cold.
Conservatory: A building or enclosed chamber with many
windows and possibly a glass roof in which plants are
grown.
Corridor: Typically a covered passageway or narrow hall
that connects or opens into compartments, rooms, and
chambers.
Dove cot (roof): A small building of shed-like sort on the
roof of a larger structure with roosts in which doves or
pigeons are kept.
Drying room: A large and airy space in which are hung
various foodstuffs or laundry so as these things will dry.
Forecourt: The outer or front court of a fortification or a
building or group of buildings.
Foyer: The initial anteroom, entrance hall, lobby, or
vestibule, sometimes with a staircase, and leading to the
interior rooms.
Gallery: A long, hall-like chamber; a covered space more
or less open at the sides for walking; a roofed promenade
structure; a platform or passageway above ground level
resembling a corridor inside of or projecting from an
outside wall, and in the latter case opens at the outer edge
or having there only a rail or balustrade.
Garderobe: Typically a privy; also a wardrobe, or a private
room..
Garret: A generally unfinished part of a house
immediately under or within the roof, as an attic without
perpendicular walls.
Lavatory: A place for washing the hands and face.
Loggia: A roofed open gallery or arcade in the side of a
building that forms an integral part of it, generally facing
an open court.
Lumber room: A room in which wood for building is
stored; also any storage place in which unused furniture
and other discarded articles are kept.
Mezzanine: A low-ceilinged story between the ground
floor and the first story; an intermediate or fractional story
that projects in the form of a balcony over the ground
story; also the floor beneath the performing stage of a
theater from which trapdoors and other pieces of stage
machinery are worked.
Natatorium: An enclosed swimming pool, or a chamber in
a larger structure for an indoor swimming pool.
Oriel: A large, windowed bay that is semi-square or semihexagonal
in construction that projects from the face of a
wall and is supported by brackets or a corbel.
Oubliette: A dungeon shaft of well-like sort with an
opening only at the top and typically having a concealed
pit below the floor.
Pantry: The room in which bread and like foodstuffs are
stored.
Parlor: A sitting room principally used for the reception
of guests, conversation, and light refreshment service.
Penthouse: A smaller dwelling structure atop a larger one;
a shed or roof attached to and sloping from a wall or
building that shelters equipment or a passage, door, or
window; sometimes an annex.
Plumbing shop: The place where pipes and other
plumbing devices are made.
Portico: A covered ambulatory such as a colonnade that
forms the way to the main entrance of a building.
Privy: A small compartment or detached building with a
bench-like seat with one or more round or oval holes
through which defecation and urination can take place.
Refectory: A dining hall in a fortress, or scholastic or
religious complex.
Rotunda: A round building with a like central chamber
covered by a dome; also an interior space of round sort,
usually covered by a dome.
Salon: A spacious and elegant chamber; a like apartment
or living room.
Scullery: A chamber of a household in which the dishes
and kitchen utensils are cleansed.
Servery: A service alcove with a buffet, counter, or
serving table that is between the dining room and the
kitchen.
Solar: An upper room or apartment with many windows
through which sunshine enters (for family use in a
superior medieval residence); an upper chamber, loft, or a
garret that has many windows.
Solarium: An apartment with many windows that are
exposed to the sun; a like apartment on the roof of a large
dwelling.
Strong room: A room for money and other valuables that
is specially constructed to be fireproof and burglarproof.
Veranda: A open gallery or roofer portico attached to the
exterior of a building and used for sitting out of doors.
Vestibule: An open entrance court; a passage, hall, or
chamber between the outer door and the interior of a
building; the entrance room leading into a house.
Water closet: A closet, compartment, or room for
defecation and urination, the receptacle for such waste
having means for flushing it away with water.
Widow’s walk (roof): A balustraded or railed observation
platform built above the roof of a dwelling for an
unobstructed view.
Withdrawing room: A parlor, salon, or solar into which
ladies withdraw while men drink and smoke.
Wood room: A chamber or room in which firewood and
logs are kept dry for burning in fireplaces.
Appurtenant Structures & Places
Arbor: A shaded retreat formed by arches and latticework
upon which vines or climbing shrubs grow, also a natural
bower of braches.
Aviary: A house, enclosure, or large cage for confining
live birds other than poultry.
Bartizan: See above.
Barn: An outer building for housing agricultural
equipment, domestic animals, and feed.
Catwalk: A narrow walkway, usually of wood, giving
access to places otherwise inaccessible, or else affording
passage over or around areas not otherwise traversable.
Cistern, roof: A reservoir or tank for holding rainwater.
Coach house: An outbuilding for coaches and carriages,
above which there are usually apartments for the
coachmen, footmen, and others concerned with these
vehicles.
Coup: A small structure for keeping poultry.
Grotto: An artificial recess or structure that is made of rock
and stones and arched so as to resemble a natural grotto
(cave).
Hutch: A small cage for keeping hares and rabbits; these
often clustered together to form a sort of shed or hut.
Mews: A small structure that contains within it cages for
hawks; also a range of stables usually with carriage
houses and living quarters above that is built around a
courtyard.
Pergola (arbor, trellis): An openwork series of arches or
other coverings for a walk or passageway over which
climbing plants are trained.
Shed: A small structure, often with one side open, in which
equipment is stored, or domestic animals such as sheep,
are sheltered.
Smoke house: A small building that is windowless and so
constructed as to be nearly airtight. Inside it contains a
fireplace from which woodsmoke will fill the interior when
the fire is lit, and this smoke then curing and preserving
meat hung inside the place.
Sty: One or more small structures abutting a pen in which
swine are kept.
Terrace (gallery, portico): A colonnaded porch or open
promenade adjacent to a residence.
Tower (beaked, bullet-shaped, horned, rectangular,
round, square): A structure that is relatively high for its
length and width.
Turret: A smallish tower projecting from a building or
tower. Usually at an angle from the wall.
Vinery: A greenhouse in which grapevines or other vines
are grown.
Well house: A small house surrounding the well. Used to
give relief from the weather for people drawing water.

Rooms & Furnishings

Taverns. Laboratories. Torture
chambers. Wheresoever your tale
begins you’ll need to furnish the
great halls, throne rooms, the corridors
and commons. These are the
intimate details which bring the
setting to life. Like the blue sea holly
growing beneath the terrace, the
tankard, soft white spread or codex
lying on the table imbibe your setting
with a depth which gives it life. The
core of world building is detail.
Below are several types of rooms and
what one might find in them. That is
followed by a great catalog of
furnishings.
Construction Materials,
Item
The following lists catalog the most
common materials used for specific
indoor items.
Cooking Items
Ceramic
Copper
Iron
Hide/leather (hot stones dropped
into)
Tin
Steel
Drinking &
Eating Items
Bone
China
Copper
Crystal
Crystal, Rock
Electrum
Glass
Gold
Gourd
Horn
Leather (mainly drinking)
Nickel Silver
Pewter
Pottery
Shell, Sea
Silver
Stone
Tin
Tortoise Shell
Wood
Wood, lacquered
General
Bone
China
Cloth
Cloth, felt
Copper
Cord
Crystal (glass)
Crystal, rock
Electrum
Flax
Fur
Glass
Gold
Gourd (dried)
Hair
Hemp
Hide
Hide, Raw
Horn
Iron
Ivory
Jute
Leather (mainly drinking)
Pewter
Pottery
Rope
Shell, Sea
Silver
Silver, Nickel
Skin, reptile
Steel
Stone
String
Tin
Tortoise Shell
Wicker
Wire
Wood, hard
Wood, lacquered
Wood, soft
Wool
Rooms
Common Room, Inn or Tavern
(Select some, not all.)
Bar (never with stools near it)
Barrel, ale
Barrel, beer
Barrel, stout
Beakers
Benches
Bottles,
liqueur
Bowls
Candles & holders
Cash box
Chairs
Cups
Darts and dartboard(s)
Dry sink
Fireplace
Firkins, liquor
Flagons
Forks
Games
Jacks (drinking)
Keg, wine
Kegs (empty, as stools)
Lamps
Lanterns
Mugs
Napkins
Pitchers
Plates
Platters
Pottles, liquor
Rack, coat, free-standing
Rack, coat, wall (peg rack or pegs)
Rags
Room decoration—General, Table or
Surface, Wall
Sideboard
Spoons
Stand
Stools
Table cloths
Tables (matching or
varied)
Tankards
Weapon(s) (out of sight)

Bawdy House, Main Room Furnishings
Bar (see Common Room for items
possible to include with this)
Carpet
Chairs
Chandeliers
Couches
Decorations
Divans
Lamps
Lanterns
Magical illumination
Musicians
Rugs
Settees
Sofas
Stairway
Stands
Tables
Bedroom, Hostel, Inn, Tavern, etc.
Furnishings
(Select some, not all.)
Basin
Bed(s)
Bedding
Bunks(s)
Candle and candlestick
Chair
Chamber pot, covered
Coat rack, free-standing
Coat rack, wall
Commode
Cot(s)
Cup
Ewer (of water)
Fireplace
Hammock(s)
Lamp
Mat(s)
Mat, floor
Mirror (on commode)
Mirror, wall
Pallets(s)
Pitcher (of water)
Rug
Soap
Stand, small
Stool
Towel & washcloth
Wardrobe
Wardrobe cabinet
Gambling House, Main Room
Bar (see Common Room for items
possible to include with this)
Card tables (various games)
Cashiers cage
Chairs
Chandeliers
Chips, gambling
Decorations
Dice tables (various games)
Divans
Lamps
Lanterns
Magical illumination
Money (coins)
Over & under (seven) dice game
table
Rat race table
Rat wheel (horizontal, colored
wedges with holes)
Roulette wheel
Sofas
Stands
Tables
Tile game tables (various games)
Inn or Tavern
(Select only some, as a location is
unlikely to have all.)
Bags
Barrels
Baskets
Bins
Bowls
Boxes
Brazier
Bucket
Butcher’s block
Cabinets
Cleaning implements and supplies
(other)
Cleaver(s)
Crates
Cupboards, open
Cups
Dry sink
Fireplace
Foodstuffs
Herbs, cooking
Kettle, tea
Kettles
Kitchen utensils (other)
Knives, butcher
Knives, carving
Knives, kitchen
Lamps
Lanterns
Mop
Oven/stove
Pail
Pans
Pastry table (marble top)
Plates
Pot, coffee
Pots
Racks, free standing
Racks, wall
Saucers
Saw, meat
Sideboard
Spices
Spits
Stand
Stool(s)
Tables, work
Trays, serving
Wet sink with tubs
Laboratory, Magical, Items and
Furniture
Alembic
Apron
Armillary
Astrolabe
Athame (dagger), wood-handled
Athame, gilded-handled
Athame, bone or ivory-handled
Athanor (magical furnace)
Balance
Balance weights
Ball, crystal
Ball, mineral
Barrel
Basin
Basin, water
Basin, wall
Beaker
Bin
Book, alchemy
Book, ancient lore
Book, astrological
Book, arcana
Book, grimoire
Book, magical tome
Book, metal bound and locked
Book, notebook
Book, occult secrets
Book, record book
Book, work book
Boots
Bottle*
Bottle, dropper, glass
Bowl*
Box
Brazier
Burner
Burette, w/stand
Cabinet
Candle in holder
Carboy
Cauldron (bronze or iron)
Censer
Centrifuge
Chair
Chart, alchemical
Chart, astrological
Circle
Circle, with a hexagram within, points
touching it, a hexacle
Circle, with a octogram within, points
touching it, a octacle

Circle, with a pentagram within, points
touching it, a pentacle
Circle, with a septagram within, points
touching it, a septacle

Circle, with a square within, points
touching it, a square of incantation
Circle, with a triangle within, points
touching it, a thaumaturgic triangle

Circle, within a circle, runes and
symbols between, a magic circle
Cloth
Coat
Crucible
Dagger, magician’s
Demijohn
Desk
Divination device
Dish*
Filters
Fireplace
Flask*
Funnel (ceramic, glass, metal)
Glass, magnifying
Gloves
Herbs—see separate heading, Herbs
also Facts Section for same
Hour glass
Ice chest
Ink (various colors)
Ink, lampblack
Ink, invisible, lemon juice or milk
Ink, squid’s
Jar*
Jar, apothecary’s
Jug
Kettle (bronze, copper, or iron)
Knife
Lamp, alcohol
Lamp, magical
Matches (tinderbox with flint &
steel)
Materia
Minute Glass
Mirror (crystal, glass, silver)
Mirror, cloudy
Mortar
Pan (brass, bronze, copper, iron, tin)
Parchment
Pen, quill
Pestle
Pipettes
Pitcher
Quern
Rack
Rags
Retort
Ring stand
Sand glass
Sand shaker
Shelf
Spatulas
Spoons, measuring
Spoons, stirring
Stand
Stool
Sword, magician’s
Tank, liquid
Trivet
Tube
Tubing, glass
Tubing, metal
Urobouros
Vat
Wand, double-terminated crystal
Wand, carved wood
Water clock
Work bench
Material construction of ceramic,
crystal, glass, metal, or stone.
Additional figures—characters,
glyphs, hieroglyphs, pictograms,
runes, sigils, symbols— and also
objects (such as candles, incense
and offerings) can also appear in
spaces other than the central-most
one of the figure.
Library Items and Furniture
Blotter
Book
Book rack
Bookcase
Bookcase, built in
Candelabrum
Candle
Catalog
Cellar, sand
Chair
Chair, arm
Chair, arm, upholstered
Chair, upholstered
Chandelier
Charcoal stick
Chart
Chart, navigational
Codex
Compendium
Couch
Cyclopedia
Desk
Diary
Dictionary
Encyclopedia
Folio
Gazetteer
Glass, magnifying
Globe, world
Grimoire
Hassock
Ink
Journal
Knife, paper
Knife, pen
Ladder
Ladder, step
Lamp
Letter
Lexicon
Libram
Log book
Manuscript
Map
Monograph
Music, score
Music, sheet
Octavo
Paper, blank
Paper, written
Parchment
Pen
Pen knife
Pin, paper
Quarto
Register
Ribbon
Scroll
Seal, official
Seal, personal
Stand
Stand, book
Stool, foot
Table, library
Tablet
Text
Tome
Torchere
Treatise
Velum
Volume
Wax, sealing (various colors)
Temple, Devotional Objects
Banner, flag, pennant
Candle
Candleholder
Consecrated oil
Consecrated water
Font
Holy object
Idol
Incense
Incense burner
Icon
Icon, triptych
Kneeling bench
Offertory dish
Picture/painting
Prayer book
Prayer wheel
Relic
Reliquary
Rosary (prayer beads)
Rug (prayer)
Sacred text
Shrine, portable
Symbol worn as jewelry-like object
Symbol, engraved, inlayed, painted,
or mounted in/on surface
Symbol, free standing
Symbol, on body by scarring,
tattooing, etc.
Symbol, on clothing (dyed, embroidered,
painted, etc.)
Vigil light
Divination Objects
Bones
Bowl, scrying
Cards
Coins
Crystal ball
Dice
Incense
Ogham sticks
Rune stones
Tea Leaves
Torture Chamber Objects
Acid
Barrel
Brazier (of hot coals)
Buckets
Cage
Cat-o-nine-tails whip
Chains
Cressets, wall
Fetters
Finger stocks
Gags
Hoist
Iron boot
Iron maiden
Irons, various kinds—branding,
poker, etc.
Knives
Manacles
Needles & pins
Pincers
Pliers
Pressing board & weights
Rack
Ropes
Salt
Table
Table with fetters
Thumb screws
Tongs
Torches
Whips
Room Decoration
Room Decoration, Ceiling
Hung
Chandelier
Dried herbs
Lamp
Lantern
Mobile
Plant (in pot)
Wind chimes
Room Decoration, Floor, Freestanding
Armor, suit of
Clock, tall
Gong, striker, and stand.
Pedestal*
Statue
Trophy

Urn
Vase
Adornment: Bird perch, bust, fish
bowl, flowers in container, light
source, object d’art, pottery, etc.
See Trophy hereafter, page 135.
Room Decoration,
General
Aquarium
Box
Clock
Cloth (spread)
Coffer
Collection
Curio
Cushion
Decanter
Dish
Driftwood
Ewer
Figurine
Flagon
Flowers
Fruit
Handicraft object
Painting
Pet, bird, caged
Pet, bird, perched
Pet, fish, aquarium
Pet, fish, bowl
Pillow
Plant, potted
Statuette
Terrarium
Trophy
Vase
Room Decoration, Light Source,
Artificial
Brazier
Candelabra with multiple candles
Candle, beeswax
Candle, tallow
Candle, parafin
Candle, wax
Candle stick with candle
Chandelier
Cresset, burning fat
Cresset, burning oil
Fire pit
Fireplace
Lamp with chimney, candle
Lamp with chimney, oil
Lamp, fat
Lamp, oil
Lantern, candle
Lantern, candle, dark (or hooded)
Lantern, oil
Lantern, oil, dark (or hooded)
Light, burning, magical*
Light, glowing, magical*
Rush light
Taper (thin wax candle)
Torch
Torchere
Wall sconce with multiple candles
Wall sconce with single candle
Basically in the form of another
ordinary listed sort.
A thing or area that sheds illumination,
such as a globe of crystal or a
portion of the ceiling or a wall.
Room Decoration, Macabre/Odd
Ashes (human)
Bone
Death mask
Ear, dried
Eyeballs preserved in a jar
Finger, dried
Human head preserved in a jar
Live poisonous amphibian in a
container
Live poisonous insect/arachnid in a
container
Live poisonous reptile in a container
Mummified animal
Mummy
Petrified body
Shrunken head
Skeleton
Skull
Teeth
Torture instrument
Whip
Room Decoration, Table or Surface
Therein
Aquarium
Ashtray
Basin
Basket
Bell, hand
Bottle
Book
Bowl
Box
Box, music
Cloth
Coffer
Decanter
Dish
Doily
Driftwood
Egg*
Ewer
Figurine
Flowers, in container
Fruit, in container
Geode
Gong, striker, and stand, small
Insect in amber
Jar
Nuts, in container
Object d’art
Plate
Platter
Statuette
Terrarium
Trophy
Urn
Vase
Composition: actual egg (blown out),
ceramic, glass, metal, polished stone,
wood
See Trophy hereafter, page 135.
Room Decoration, Wall
Basin, wall
Column, half
Bell, pull
Fresco
Gilding
Inlay, ivory
Inlay, metal
Inlay, stone
Inlay, tile
Inlay, wood
Mirror, inset
Molding, plaster
Molding, wood
Molding, wood, carved
Mosaic
Mosaic, inlaid tile
Niche
Mural
Paint
Paneling
Paneling, half
Pilaster
Rail, chair
Sheathing, metal
Sheathing, stone
Tile
Trophy
Wall, cloth
covering
Wallpaper
Whitewash
See Trophy hereafter, page 135.
Room Decoration, Wall, Hung
Arass
Armorial bearings
Bird cage
Candelabrum
Cloth
Cresset
Cross-stitch cloth
Drawing
Flag
Fur
Hide
Mirror
Map
Painting
Plant
Sconce
Shield
Skin, animal
Tapestry
Trophy
Weapon
Weaving
Furnishings
Bath & Accessories
Basin
Bench
Bottle
Bowl
Box
Brazier
Brush
Brush, nail
Brush, back
Brush, hair
Brush, makeup
Bucket
Chair
Comb
Cosmetics
Cremes, body
Cuttlebone
Ewer
Fireplace
Gown, dressing
Hanger, clothing
Jar
Lamp
Locker
Looking glass
Mat, cloth
Mat, fiber
Mat, rope
Mirror
Mirror, free-standing
Mirror, wall
Nail file
Oil, bath
Pail
Perfume
Pitcher
Pool, sunken
Rack, clothing
Razor (bone, metal, or shell)
Robe, bath
Rug
Rug, fur
Rug, hide
Rug, skin
Sachets
Sacking
Salts, Epsom
Sandals, bath
Scissors
Scraper
Screen, dressing
Slippers
Soap
Sponge
Stone, pumice
Stool
Towel (huge, large, medium, small)
Tub (huge, large, medium, small)
Tub, sunken
Tweezers
Wash cloth
Water, scented
Wrapper
Bedding
Blanket, cotton
Blanket coarse
Blanket, wool
Blanket, wool, soft
Comforter
Comforter, down
Cover, felt
Cover, fur
Cover, skin
Coverlet
Cushion
Feather bed
Futon
Mat, sleeping
Mattress
Pad
Pillow
Pillow, tubular
Pillow case
Pillow cover
Quilt
Ruffle
Sack, stuffed
Sheet, cotton, fine
Sheet, cotton, rough
Sheet, linen
Sheet, rough
Sheet, silk
Spread
Ceiling Decoration, Including Hung
Sort
Beam
Chandelier
Cloth (covering)
Dome
Gilt
Inlay, mineral
Inlay, tile
Inlay, wood
Mirror
Mural
Paint
Painting (pictorial)
Paper
Relief, molded
Relief, sculpted
Tented cloth
Tile
Curios
Bird, mechanical, singing
Bottle, building therein
Bottle, ship therein
Bottle, woodland scene therein
Drake’s or similar creature’s scale
Fly whisk, exotic
Gem, carved
Gem-crystals formation
Headdress, exotic
Idol, small, exotic deity
Insect, carved wooden
Insect in amber
Kaleidoscope
Mask, animal
Mask, demonic
Mask, exotic
Mask, feather
Meteorite, small
Miniature figurine, animal
Miniature figurine, creature
Miniature figurine, human
Miniature building
Miniature painting
Miniature scene in a nutshell
Miniature weapon
Musical instrument, small, exotic
Necklace, claws or teeth
Nut, carved or engraved
Ordinary small object with concealed
weapon
Pottery, exotic
Puzzle box
Puzzle object (interlocking pieces)
Rattle, exotic
Religious object, exotic
Ring with secret compartment
Shrunken head
Skull of unidentified, strange
creature
Statuette, grotesque
Stuffed animal, exotic
Tablet, ancient, inscribed
Stuffed bird, exotic
Tooth or tusk, carved or engraved
Toy, mechanical
Drinking Vessels
Beaker
Bottle
Bumper
Chalice
Cup
Flagon
Flask
Glass
Goblet
Horn
Jack (drinking)
Jar
Jigger
Jug
Mug
Nipperkin
Noggin
Pipkin
Pitcher
Pot
Schooner
Snifter
Stein
Stoup
Tankard
Tumbler
Eggs, Decorative
China, painted
Cinnabar
Cloisonné
Crystal, rock
Glass (plain or crystal, clear, tinted,
or colored)
Metal, cast (hollow—brass, copper,
electrum, gold, silver)
Stone, polished, ordinary (alabaster,
granite, marble, obsidian, onyx,
serpentine, etc.)
Stone, polished, ornamental (agate,
jasper, lapis lazuli, malachite, etc.)
Wood, polished, ordinary
Wood, polished, rare
Fireplace Implements and Accessories
Andirons
Bed-warming pan
Bellows
Brush, ashes
Cauldron
Coal shovel
Curtain, metal mesh screening
Foot warmer
Grate
Hooks, iron hanging
Kettle
Log rack
Log tongs
Oven (inset)
Poker
Poker, coal-mover
Pot
Screen, free standing, metal*
Shovel, ashes
Spit, inset
typically brass, copper, or tin.
Floor Coverings
Carpet, burlap
Carpet, cotton
Carpet, wool
Cloth, canvas
Fur
Grass
Hide
Mat, felt
Mat, woven, grass
Mat, woven, hemp
Mat, woven rush
Rug, braided
Rug, cotton
Rug, oriental
Rug, rag
Rug, silk
Rug, wool
Rushes
Skin
Furniture
Armoire
Armor stand
Bar (long sideboard, front usually
solid, shelves in back, a top section
possibly lifting up)
Barrel
Bed
Bed, bunk
Bed, canopied
Bed, curtained
Bed, curtained & canopied
Bed, enclosed
Bed, trundle
Bench
Bench with back
Bench with back, upholstered
Bench, armed and backed
Bench, armed and backed, padded
Bench, backed
Bench, backed, padded
Bench, padded
Bench, upholstered
Bench, work
Bin
Book stand
Bookcase
Box
Box, firewood
Brazier
Buffet table
Buffet with mirror
Bunk
Bureau
Butcher’s block
Cabinet
Cabinet, china
Cabinet, dish
Cabinet, glass front
Cabinet, liquor
Cabinet, sewing
Cabinet, spice
Cabinet, wall
Candelabrum, floor
Candle stand
Case
Case, display
Case, standing, shelved
Chair
Chair of state
Chair, arm, upholstered
Chair, barrel
Chair, corner
Chair, folding
Chair, rocking
Chair, rocking, upholstered
Chair, throne/chair of state
Chair, upholstered
Chair, upholstered, wingback
Chair, wingback
Chest
Chest (trunk-like)
Chest of drawers
Chest of drawers, high
Chest of drawers, low
Chest, linen
Chest, upright
Chest, wine
Cloak stand
Clothes rack, free standing
Clothes rack, wall hung
Coal scuttle
Commode
Cot
Couch
Cupboard
Cupboard, kitchen (usually open)
Dais
Davenport
Desk
Desk, break-front, cabinet above
Desk, break-front, drawers above
Desk, drop-front
Desk, table
Desk, wall
Divan
Dresser
Dresser with mirror
Dressing mirror
Dressing table
Footstool
Footstool, upholstered
Glider swing
Hammock
Hammock chair
Hamper
Hanger,
clothing
Hassock
Hutch
Locker
Locker,
arms
Locker, foot
Loveseat
Mirror, framed, free-standing
Night stand
Ottoman
Pallet
Pastry table (marble top)
Pedestal
Press, clothes
Rack
Rack, bakers
Rack, clothing, free-standing
Rack, coat, free-standing
Rack, coat, wall (peg rack or pegs)
Rack, free-standing
Rack, wall
Screen
Screen, fireplace
Screen, folding
Screen, folding, fireplace
Serving cart
Settee
Shelf
Shelf, wall
Sideboard
Sink, dry
Sofa
Stand
Stand, candle
Stand, smoking
Stand, wash
Stool
Stool, foot
Stool, step
Stove
Swing
Table
Table (oval—large, medium, small)
Table (rectangular—large, medium,
small)
Table (round—large, medium, small)
Table (square—large, medium, small)
Table, banquet
Table, buffet
Table, drop leaf
Table, folding
Table, game (various sorts)
Table, half
Table, side
Table, trestle
Table, vanity
Table, wall
Table, wall, half oval
Table, wall, half round
Taboret
Torchere
Tree, hall
Trunk
Trunk, upright
Urn (stand)
Vanity
Wash stand
Weapons rack
Furniture, Business Type
Armor stand
Bar (long sideboard, front usually
solid, shelves in back, a top section
possibly lifting up)
Barrel
Bench
Bench with back
Bench, work
Bin, goods
Book stand
Bookcase
Box
Box, firewood
Brazier
Buffet table
Buffet with mirror
Butcher’s block
Cabinet
Cabinet, china
Cabinet, glass front
Cabinet, merchandising
Cabinet, spice
Cabinet, wall
Candelabrum, floor
Candle stand
Case
Case, display
Case, standing, shelved
Cashier’s cage
Cashier’s desk
Chair
Chair, barrel
Chest (trunk-like)
Chest, upright
Cloak stand
Clothes rack, free standing
Clothes rack, wall hung
Coal scuttle
Counter
Counter, display
Desk
Desk, break-front, cabinet above
Desk, break-front, drawers above
Desk, drop-front
Desk, table
Desk, wall
Display case
Display rack
Dressing mirror
Hamper, merchandising
Mirror, framed, free-standing
Pastry table (marble top)
Pedestal
Rack
Rack, bakers
Rack, clothing, free-standing
Rack, coat, free-standing
Rack, coat, wall (peg rack or pegs)
Rack, free-standing
Rack, wall
Screen
Screen, folding
Serving cart
Shelf
Shelf, wall
Sideboard
Stand
Stand, candle
Stool
Stool, step
Stove
Table
Table, game
Table, merchandise
Table, trestle
Torchere
Trunk, upright
Weapons rack
Trophy
Head
Alligator/crocodile
Antelope
Bear (black, brown, polar, etc.)
Bison (buffalo)
Boar
Caribou
Cat
Creature/monster (fantasy)
Deer
Eland
Elk (wapiti)
Gazelle
Giraffe
Gnu
Hippopotamus
Hyena
Moose (elk)
Musk ox
Okapi
Rhinoceros
Walrus
Water buffalo
Wolf
Wolverine
Yak
Zebra
Fully Mounted
Badger
Bear
Beaver
Bird
Creature/monster (fantasy)
Ermine/weasel
Fish
Fisher
Fox
Martin
Mink
Panda, giant
Porcupine
Raccoon
Reptile
Skunk
Snake
Squirrel
Wolverine
Hide/Pelt/Skin
Alligator/crocodile
Antelope
Bear (black, brown, polar, etc.)
Bison (buffalo)
Boar
Caribou
Cat
Cattle
Creature/monster (fantasy)
Deer
Eland
Elk (wapiti)
Gazelle
Giraffe
Gnu
Hippopotamus
Hyena
Moose (elk)
Musk ox
Okapi
Rhinoceros
Snake
Water buffalo
Wolf
Yak
Zebra

Other
Horns (including cattle horns)
Antlers
Claws
Jawbones with teeth
Teeth
Tusks (elephant, walrus)
Foot (elephant, hippo, monster, etc.)
Collections
Arachnid
Armor
Arms
Book (see Library)
Boxes
Butterfly
Clocks and watches
Coins (and medals)
Devotional objects
Divination objects
Figurines and statuettes
Flags, shields, and standards
Insect
Kaleidoscopes
Minerals
Musical instruments
Paintings
Pottery
Puzzles
Puzzle boxes
Sculpture (busts, heads, and
statues)
Sea shells
Stuffed animals
Trophies (hunting/fishing)
Wood carvings
Table Service
Barbaric
Trencher, bread
Trencher, metal
Trencher, wooden
Crystal Drinking Glasses &
Service
Brandy snifter (6 oz.)
Brandy snifter (8 oz.)
Brandy snifter, large (12 oz.)
Carafe
Cordial
Goblet (12 oz.)
Decanter
Ewer
Iced beverage (tea)
Iced beverage (tea), footed
Parfait
Sherbet/sorbet
Tankard
Tumbler (6 oz.)
Tumbler (8 oz.)
Tumbler (10 oz.)
Tumbler (12 oz.)
Tumbler (14 oz.)
Wine, balloon (10 oz.)
Wine, balloon (8 oz.)
Wine, champagne, flute
Wine, champagne, saucer
Wine, champagne, tulip
Wine, hock
Wine, port
Wine, claret/red (8 oz.)
Wine, claret/red (12 oz.)
Wine, sherry
Wine, white (6 oz.)
Wine, white (8 oz.)
Kitchen Utensils
Beater
Bowl, chopping
Bowl, mixing
Boxes, small
Brush, cooking
Canisters
Chopper
Churn
Cleaver (various sizes)
Colander
Cup, measuring
Cutter molds
Fork, cooking
Fork, long-handled
Funnel
Grater (various sized holes)
Knife, bread
Knife, butcher
Knife, carving
Knife, chopping
Knife, filleting
Knife, kitchen (utility, various sizes)
Knife, paring (small)
Knife, skinning
Knife, vegetable
Jars
Ladle (various sizes)
Masher
Meat grinder (various bits)
Meat pounder (cleated hammer)
Molds
Mortar & pestle
Paddle, wooden
Pastry bag
Rolling pin
Saw, meat
Scissors
Scoop (various sizes)
Shakers (various sorts)
Sharpening rod
Shears
Sieve (various meshes)
Skewer (various lengths)
Spatula (various shapes)
Spatula, slotted (various shapes)
Spit (various lengths)
Spoon, measuring
Spoon, cooking
Spoon, long-handled
Spoon, slotted, long-handled
Spoon, strainer
Strainer
Tongs (various sizes)
Whetstone
Whisk (various sizes)
Silver or China Eating Service
Bowl, cereal (small, c. 4.5”)
Bowl, desert/fruit (small, c. 4”)
Bowl, finger (4”)
Bowl, punch
Bowl, serving (sized)
Bowl, soup
Bowl, soup, cream with cover and
saucer
Bowl, soup, cream with saucer
Bowl, soup, lug
Candelabrum
Candelabrum with bobaches
Candlestick
Candlestick with bobache
Charger, plate (11.5” – 12.5”)
Chocolate pot
Chocolate pot, large
Coffee pot
Coffee pot, large
Compote
Creamer
Cruet, large
Cruet, small
Cup
Cup, tea, with saucer
Dish, individual condiment, (2.5”)
Dish, lemon
Gravy boat
Mug
Mug, covered
Pepper cellar
Pepper shaker
Pitcher
Pitcher, small
Plate, butter, individual (2”)
Plate, butter, master (with or without
cover)
Plate (4"-30")
Plate, dinner (10” - 11”)
Plate, individual salt (2”)
Plate, luncheon (8” – 9 “)
Plate, other (bread, desert, salad—6”
– 7”)
Plate, relish, oval (8”)
Pot, honey
Pot, mustard
Salt cellar
Sauce boat
Saucer
Spooner
Sugar bowl (with or without cover)
Sugar shaker
Tankard
Teapot
Tray, serving, rectangular (16"-30")
Tureen, large
Tureen, large, covered
Tureen, small
Tureen, small, covered
Silverware
Cheese cleaver
Cheese plane
Cheese serving knife
Cheese scoop
Fork, carving, large
Fork, carving, small
Fork, cold meat
Fork, desert
Fork, fish
Fork, grill
Fork, ice cream
Fork, lemon
Fork, lobster
Fork, olive
Fork, pickle
Fork, salad
Fork, seafood
Fork, serving
Fork, strawberry
Fork, table
Jelly slicer
Knife, butter, individual
Knife, butter, master
Knife, carving, large
Knife, carving, small
Knife, desert
Knife, fish
Knife, fruit
Knife, grill
Knife, serving, cake
Knife, serving, fish
Knife, slicing, bread, master
Knife, steak
Knife, table
Ladle, gravy
Ladle, punch
Ladle, sauce
Ladle, soup
Ladle, tureen
Lobster cracker
Nut cracker
Nut pick
Scoop, cracker
Scoop, ice cream
Server, cake
Server, cranberry
Server, meat
Server, pasta
Server, pastry
Server, pie
Server, salad, fork
Server, salad, spoon
Server, sardine
Server, tomato, pierced
Shears, grape
Shears, poultry
Spoon, berry
Spoon, coffee
Spoon, demitasse
Spoon, desert
Spoon, fruit
Spoon, ice cream
Spoon, iced tea
Spoon, jelly
Spoon, preserve (deep)
Spoon, salt
Spoon, salt, master
Spoon, service/table
Spoon, serving
Spoon, serving, bonbon
Spoon, serving, ice
Spoon, serving, dressing/stuffing
Spoon, serving, large
Spoon, serving, pierced
Spoon, serving, rice
Spoon, soup
Spoon, soup, bouillon
Spoon, sugar
Spoon, sugar (shell)
Spoon, tea
Skewer
Strainer, tea
Tongs, asparagus, individual
Tongs, asparagus, serving
Tongs, ice
Tongs, pastry
Tongs, sugar
Table Linen
Napkin
Table cloth
Table runner

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