Phial. Baldric. Zucchetto. A host of goods, things of all shapes and sizes, litter the everyday lives of the high and low alike. From the most trivial to the most necessary these goods form the stock-in-trade of the lives of all those folk who pass through your setting or story. These are the items that bring a touch of the concrete to tale. What folk eat and wear, what strange items they may decorate their lives with.
Welcome to the Bazaar of Bazaars.
Flint & steel
Snare (cord, rope, string or wire)
Trap, metal animal, large
Trap, metal animal, small
Cleaning Implements and Supplies, Household
Basket (cleaning item portage)
Basket (trash removal)
Mop, cloth (rag)
Cloth & Clothing Material Types
Cloth of gold
Cloth of silver
Knitted, cotton or wool
Silk, raw, brocade
Boots, hip (soft)
Boots, knee, hard
Boots, knee, soft
Boots, mid-calf, hard
Boots, mid-calf, soft
Boots, mid-leg (soft)
Shoes, ankle-top, hard
Shoes, ankle-top, soft
Cap, round (campaign/sailor)
Cap, round, billed (campaign/sailor)
Cap, tented (soldier’s)
Cap, tented (soldier’s), billed
Cowl (of other garment)
Hat, conical crown (short to high)
Hat, conical crown (short to high), brimmed (narrow to
Hat, cylindrical crown
Hat, cylindrical crown, brimmed
Hat, flat crown, brimmed
Hat, hemispherical crown
Hat, hemispherical crown, brimmed
Hat, onion-like crown (short to high)
Hat, onion-like crown, brimmed
Hat, oval crown (short to high)
Hat, oval crown (short to high), brimmed
Hat, pagoda-style crown (short to high)
Hat, pagoda-style crown (short to high), brimmed
Hat, pyramidal crown (short to high)
Hat, pyramidal crown (short to high), brimmed
Hat, rectangular crown (short to high)
Hat, rectangular crown (short to high), brimmed
Hat, square crown (short to high)
Hat, square crown (short to high), brimmed
Hat, triangular crown (short to high)
Hat, triangular crown (short to high), brimmed
Table 1:7 Cloth Patterns
Appliquéd: One material attached or fastened to another by sewing, etc.
Checked: A crisscross pattern, a pattern of squares.
Color spotted (tweed): A wool fabric with a rough surface, in a plain, twill, or herringbone twill weave of two or more colors or shades of the same color.
Dots (tiny to large): A pattern of spots ranging from tiny to large and often containing a combination of sizes.
Embroidered: Fabric adorned with ornamental needlework or figures.
Latticed: Embroidery in imitation of a lattice, or resembling or suggesting such a network as in heraldry, a bearing of horizontal and vertical crossbars.
Lozenged (diamond): Divided by transverse diagonal lines into equal lozenges or squares of different tinctures.
Parti-colored: Having different colors indifferent parts of the fabric.
Plaid: Cloth with a checkered or crossbarred pattern
Plain: Not dyed, colored, variegated, or ornamented with a pattern or figure.
Printed*: Fabric printed with a design.
Stripes with faint checking in them: Self explanatory.
Stripes, diagonal (thin, narrow, medium, wide, mixed width): Self explanatory.
Stripes, horizontal (thin, narrow, medium, wide, mixed width): Self explanatory.
Stripes, vertical (thin, narrow, medium, wide, mixed width): Self explanatory.
*Motifs include: animals, birds, butterflies, flowers, fruits, geometrical shapes, leaves, leaves and flowers, mystical symbols, weapons.
Apron: A cloth or tunic wrapped around the front of the
body and tied in the rear.
Bases: An embroidered mantle worn by knights on
horseback, reaching from the middle to below the knees; a
kind of ordnance.
Bib: A small piece of cloth worn by children.
Blouse: A loose upper garment, or shirt, worn by peasants.
Usually long sleeved.
Breeches: Trousers which reach to the knee.
Burnoose: The outer cloak or garment worn in the Middle
East and North Africa. It has a hood. The whole is usually
made of one piece.
Caftan: This is a floor length garment with at least elbow
length but usually wrist length sleeves.
Cannons: A style of decorating breeches in the 16th and
17th centuries. The hem is decorated with ornamentation.
Cape (long, short): A garment without sleeves, fastened at
the neck and hanging over the back and shoulders.
Sometimes attachable to a coat.
Cloak (with, without cowl): The cloak is an outer
garment. They range in size from knee to floor length.
They are generally good in bad weather.
Coat: A sleeved outer garment opening down the front and
extending to just below the hips.
Coat, frock coat: A double breasted coat and with long
full skirts in front and back worn by men.
Coat, overcoat: As above, but covering other garmnents
Coat, tail coat: As above, with tails.
Coat, top coat: As above, but applies to suits or tuxedos.
Codpiece: An ornamented bag or flap appended to the
front of the tight breeches worn by men.
Doublet: The doublet is a close fitting jacket worn by a
man, it is made with or without sleeves.
Dress: That which is used for covering or ornament of the
body, generally any clothing consisting of a skirt and waist,
in one garment.
Dressing gown: A loose robe for wear when one is
undressing or lounging.
Frock: A monks cowl or habit. Also, can be the principle
outer garment for a girl, such as a dress or gown.
Gloves: Outer covering for the hands.
Gown: A long generally loose outer garment, specifically
a women’s dress, a man’s dressing gown or night gown.
Hose: Formally a tight fitting outer garment covering the
hips, legs and feet, attached to the doublet by cords or
ribbons but only extended to the knees or ankles.
Jack: A rough, inexpensive medieval coat of defense, esp.
one made of leather.
Jacket: A short coat, usually with sleeves.
Jerkin: A close-fitting hip-length usually sleeveless
Jersey: A soft elastic cloth knitted of wool, cotton or silk.
Jupon: A sleeveless jacket worn over the armor.
Kilt: A short pleated skirt reaching to the knees.
Kirtle: A woman’s under-dress. It can be worn without a
gown indoors or while working. It is cut fairly close to the
body, with long, tight sleeves. The most closely fitted
styles are reserved for the wealthy, as they are more
tailored and require help in dressing.
Lederhosen: Leather pants which extend to the knees, and
are supported by suspenders. Generally associated with
traditional German dress.
Leggings: A covering of canvass, leather, etc for
protecting the legs.
Mantle: A long sleeveless cloak made of fine materials
and worn over clothing. An integral part of noble court
dress (as opposed to cape, a utilitarian garment worn to
protect from cold and rain) it was usually fastened at the
neck with ribbons or clasps.
Mittens: A muff or a thick glove.
Negligée: Evening wear for women.
Oilskin: A cloth made waterproof by treatment of oil.
Pantaloons: Trousers fastened below the calf or strapped
below the boots, trousers and hose together.
Pants: An outer garment extending from the waist to the
knees and ankles and separated to accommodate the legs.
Partlet: A rectangular piece which fills in the square
neckline of a low necked bodice.
Parka: A fur jacket or heavy long woolen shirt, often lined
with pile or fleece with an attached hood for protecting the
head from the cold.
Peignoir: A woman’s dressing gown.
Pinafore: A sleeveless usually low-necked garment
fastened in the back and worn as an apron or dress.
Poncho: A cloak-like a blanket with a hole in the middle
for the head.
Puttees: A covering for the lower leg in the form of a cloth
or leather gaiter, or a cloth strip wound spirally.
Robe (with, without cowl): An outer garment worn over
other garments. They are generally short, being waist
length. Though some are longer and have sleeves
Ruff: A high frilled or pleated collar of starched muslin
worn by men and women in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Sari: A long cotton or silk garment worn by Hindu women
to wrap around the body with one end over the head,
usually the chief garment.
Sash (shoulder): A band or scarf worn around the waist or
over the shoulder for ornament. Sometimes used as a
symbol of distinction by men.
Scarf: A long broad piece of silk or other cloth worn about
the neck, head or shoulders as an ornament or to give
warmth and protection.
Shirt: Any of various cloth garments worn by men, often
under a coat or jacket.
Skirt: That part of a garment as in a robe, dress etc. that
hangs below the waist.
Smock: A coarse linen frock or shirt especially of the kind
worn over the coat by European farm laborers.
Stole: A long, narrow decorated scarf with fringed
extremities worn by officiating clergy. Rank is often
determined by how the stole is worn.
Surcoat: An outer coat or gown. Also, a loose short cloak
worn over armor.
Tabard: A name for the early garment (which existed
even before Roman times) which evolved into the cote/
cotehardie/kirtle. Usually built on a “T” pattern, with
various sleeves, fit, and embellishment depending on
period. The most basic of garb.
Tights: A tightly fitting garment for the legs.
Trousers: See pants above.
Vest: A short tight fitting sleeveless garment worn under a
suit coat by men, a waistcoat. Also an insert or trimming
worn under the bodice by women.
Waistcoat (sleeved or sleeveless): Also called wescot. A
sleeveless garment which extends just below the waist and
fastens in front.
Wrapper: A woman’s dressing gown.
Bustle: A pad that woman wear on the lower back in order
to fill out the figure. Also, a large bow of material worn
over the waist.
Chemise: A short slip or long undershirt, loose, worn by
women under their garments or as bed clothes.
Diaper: A cotton or linen cloth woven in a pattern formed
by repeating small diamond shapes.
Garters: An elastic band or tie that is worn about the thigh
and suspended from the undergarment from which
stockings are suspended.
Linen: Any garment made of flax. Generally all medieval
under garments are made of some form of linen.
Loincloth: A cloth worn about the waist and loins, more
associated with primitive societies.
Pantaloons: Tight trousers fastened below the calf or
strapped under the boots. Sometimes refers to the
combination of trousers and hose in one garment.
Petticoat: This garment is a skirt, but specifically a skirt
worn under a gown or dress. Usually for young women and
Slip: A woman’s undergarment, roughly the length of a full
Slip, half: As above, but only waist long.
Stockings: A close knit garment made to cover the feet and
legs. They are of cloth.
Undershirt: A shirt worn beneath the jacket or blouse.
Usually loose fitting with front ties and full length sleeves.
Alb: A white tunic or vestment that reaches to the feet.
Amice: An oblong white linen cloth worn like a collar
around the neck. It is pulled over the head, the upper edge
attached under the alb. The Amice can also be pulled up
and worn as a hood.
Apron: A cloth or tunic wrapped around the front of the
body and tied in the rear.
Berretta: Also Birretta, Biretta. A square cap with three
projections on the top. The color often denotes the rank of
the clergy. In the Roman Catholic Church a Cardinal wears
a scarlet berretta, a Bishop a purple and a priest a black.
Black gown: See Gown below.
Buskins: A boot or shoe which covers the ankles, rising
halfway to the knee. It is laced and or strapped to the ankle
or leg. The toes are sometimes exposed.
Calotte: A small rimless, snug cap. A skull cap.
Cap: A type of head covering that fits snugly over the head
and brow. The ecclesiastical cap is generally one that has
ear flaps and ties under the chin.
Capuche: A type of cowl, with a long, pointed hood. It
covers the head and shoulders. Associated with monks
more than any other type of clergy.
Cassock: A long close fitting garment, generally dark, and
worn as an outer garment or under the surplice or gown.
Chasuble: This hooded garment is a sleeveless, outer
garment worn over the alb during religious ceremonies.
Chimer: Like the chasuble this garment is a long
sleeveless tunic worn over the priest’s garments.
Cloak: The priestly cloak is hooded and worn over all the
other vestments. They range in length from knee length to
floor length. Their color corresponds to the color of the
priest’s other garments.
Cope: Similar to a cap, wrapping around the shoulders and
upper torso of the priest.
Cotta: A short surplice (see below).
Cowl (of other garment): A hood that ranges in length
and complexity. A simple hood fits around the head,
others have longer pointed tippets and so on.
Dalmatic: A floor length, wide sleeved garment with open
sides. This vestment denotes rank and can be worn under
Fanon: A type of head dress. In some usage it is the same
as the maniple.
Frock: An outer robe, made of wool and generally heavy
and weather resistant. Worn by monks or nuns.
Gown: The official dress worn by clergy. Long, floor
length and rather loose.
Hood: A type of head dress that covers the whole head,
sometimes including the face. Worn in both ceremonial
and everyday circumstances.
Lawn sleeves: A term which refers to the sleeves of a
higher clergyman, particularly a bishop. They are attached
to the upper robes.
Maniple: The glorified handkerchief worn on the left
wrist of the Priest. It is often attached with a pin to the cuff
or sleeve of the alb.
Mantle: Any loose fitting garment that is worn over other
cloths, usually shorter and lighter than a cloak.
Mitre: The mitre is a kind of folding-cap. It consists of two
like parts, each stiffened by a lining and rising to a peak;
these are sewn together on the sides, but are united above
by a piece of material that can fold together. Two lappets
trimmed on the ends with a fringe hanging down from the
back. The Mitre comes in a variety of sizes, some being
very large with high pointed peaks.
Phylactery: A small leather case containing holy
scriptures. They are carried or attached to the body. In the
Jewish faith one is fastened with leather thongs to the head
the other to the wrist.
Robe: An outer garment worn over other vestments. They
are generally short, being waist length. Though some are
longer and have sleeves.
Sandals: Light shoes laced or tied around the ankle.
Unless some form of stocking is worn the foot remains
exposed to the elements.
Scapular: A sleeveless outer garment that hangs from the
shoulders and sometimes has a cowl. It sometimes refers
to a badge worn by affiliates of certain religious orders,
consisting of two pieces of cloth joined by shoulder bands
and worn under the clothing on the chest and back.
Scarf: A long embroidered rectangular cut of cloth that is
worn about the neck or draped across the shoulders.
Shovel hat: A broad-brimmed hat, turned up at the sides
and projecting in front like a shovel.
Skullcap: A tight fitting cap.
Stole: Also, orarium. A long band which the Priest wears
around his neck and hanging down in front of him or in
some cases it is worn over the left shoulder.
Surplice: A loose fitting, white ecclesiastical gown with
wide sleeves, worn over a cassock. It is of plain white
fabric with decorative work about the throat and hem.
Tiara: The triple pointed crown worn by higher clergy.
The tiara is tall and white with embroidery around the
edges and folds. Worn by the Pope in Roman Catholic
Tippet: The long hanging part of a hood or cowl.
Tunic: A loose, gown-like garment worn by men or
Zucchetto: The cap worn by clergy under the berretta.
Pot, large (ceramic, metal, etc.)
++Smoking, Tobacco Pipes et al.
Tobacco (various kinds)
Aperitif: An alcoholic drink that is generally taken before
meals in order to stimulate the apetite.
Balm: A fragrant or aromatic ointment which is used in
healing or in anointing.
Bolus : A large pill, associated with veterinary medicine,
though can refer to human medication.
Bracer: Something that binds or braces, as in something
used to set bones. This could be things as simple as sticks
or as elaborately designed supports.
Capsule: A small gelatinous shell or envelope containing
a dose of medicine.
Cream: A cosmetic or emulsion made like a resin.
Curative: A thing which is used in the act of healing,
curing a disease or any similar action.
Decoction: The act of boiling a substance in water in order
to extract the flavor, essence etc. One of the many
processes by which elixirs, potions, poultices etc are made.
Digestive: Any substance which can aid digestion.
Elixir: A tincture or medicine consisting of a sweetened
alcoholic solution of a small quantity of the drug or drugs
thus compounded. It also refers to magical substances,
such as a philosophers stone, magic potion, etc.
Emollient: A preparation or medicine that has a softening
or soothing affect on surface tissues.
Essence: A substance that keeps intact, in a concentrated
form, the fragrance, essence or any other property of the
plant or body from which it was extracted.
Extracts: The concentrated matter which remains after
any substance is treated and broken down. Also the
chemical which was once believed to be the basis of all
Fortifier: A substance which strengthens the potency of an
existing medicine through longevity or additives.
Gel: A jellylike substance formed by a colloidal solution in
its solid phase.
Herbal: Being the use of herbs, which is a collection of
plants dried and preserved.
Infusion: The liquid extract that results when a substance
is infused in water. Also, an admixture or tincture.
Liniment: An oil medicine, a type of liquid ointment,
which is commonly used to treat ailments of the skin,
particularly in case of muscular bruising.
Lotion: A preparation that is applied to the skin in order to
clean it or to stimulate some kind of action, such as
relieving pain and so forth.
Lozenge: A type of pellet or pill that is generally
associated with curing ailments of the mouth or throat.
Mixture: A liquid medicine which contains insoluble
matter suspended in some viscid substance.
Nostrum: A medicine whose ingredients are kept secret in
order to protect its contents, usually for commercial
reasons. Also associated with quack medicines.
Oil: Any of a host of greasy substances obtained from the
extracts of minerals, animals or plants. Oils are liquid at
room temperature but soluable in certain organic solvents
such as ether or alcohol, but not in water.
Ointment: A fatty substance applied to the skin for
healing or cosmetic purposes, salves and the like.
Panacea: A supposed cure for any hurt, disease or
crippling ailment. A type of herb as well, called Allheal.
Pastille: A pellet of aromatic paste used for burning. The
fumes are associated with curative powers.
Philtre: A portion or type of charm used to bring about
magical affects, cures and otherwise. Most commonly
associated with love potions.
Pill: A small ball or pellet of medicine to take orally.
Plaster: A pasty preparation spread upon the body for
curative reasons. Also can be used as an irritant.
Potion: A drink, most commonly referred as magical.
Potions are also medicinal or poisonous.
Poultice: A mass of soft, usually warm, substance made
from any number of sources (flour, pulp, resin, bran, etc)
and applied to sores, ailments, etc.
Refresher: A lotion, poultice, potion or similar substance
which refreshes strength, relieves exhaustion and so forth.
Represent: A lotion, poultice, potion or similar substance
which numbs pain, slows the spread of disease .
Restorative: A lotion, poultice, potion or similar
substance which restores bodily health, mental or
Salve: Any medicinal ointment applied to wounds,
irritated skin and the like.
Simple: A medicine obtained from the extracts of an herb.
It refers to herbal lore’s teaching that all vegetable matter
possessed some type of medicinal quality.
Spirit: Any of certain substances which permeate the
human body organs. Also referred to in alchemy as any
number of chemical solutions such as sulfur.
Solution: To combine one or more substances together.
Most commonly associated with liquids.
Stimulant: A lotion, poultice, potion or similar substance
that, once applied, draws a reaction out of the subject.
Syrup: A thick liquid medicine that is generally
sweetened with sugar in order to make it more palatable.
Tablet: A small flat piece of medicine that is taken orally.
Tincture: The medicinal substance within any given
solution, particularly associated with alcohol.
Tonic: A lotion, poultice, potion or similar substance
which is mentally or morally invigorating.
Wash: Wash, a medicinal liquid meant for broad external
application on some portion or the
whole of the patient’s body.
Bagpipe: A wind instrument consisting of a bag, a double–
reed melody pipe, and one or more drone pipes. No
highlander can do without it’s sweet sounds.
Balalaika: A string instrument consisting of a triangular
body, a fretted neck, and three strings.
Bandor: A stringed instrument consisting of six to seven
strings, a fretted neck, and a scalloped body. Related to the
Banjo: A string instrument with a hollow circular body
that is covered with a diaphragm of vellum.
Bass: A large string instrument that produces very low
tones. The largest member of the violin family.
Basset Horn: A relative of the clarinet that is larger and
creates a richer tone.
Bassoon: A long bodied wind instrument that produces
Bells: Cup shaped instruments that emit metallic sounds
Bombardon: A brass instrument that has nine to twelve
woodwind like keys along its side that was designed to
carry the lowest tone of the brass family of instruments. It
has been replaced with the tuba.
Bugle: A brass instrument that resembles a trumpet
Calliope: An instrument that uses keys like a piano to play
Castanets: A rhythm instrument consisting of a pair of
shells that are clapped between the fingers to play.
Celeste: A keyboard instrument that uses hammers that
strike metal plates to make notes.
Cello: A string instrument that looks similar to the bass,
but is slightly smaller and makes tones in a higher pitch.
Chimes: A set of bells specially tuned to the musical scale.
Cittern: A small-flat backed string instrument that is
played by plucking the strings.
Clarion: A type of trumpet with a clear and shrill.
Claves: Short hardwood sticks that are tapped together to
Clavier: A small accordion with a hexagonal shape that
uses buttons for keys.
Cornet: A brass instrument that resembles a trumpet.
Cornets are typically slightly smaller than trumpets.
Diggery-do: A straight natural trumpet without its own
mouthpiece. Traditionally made of a eucalyptus branch
that is hollowed out by termites, stripped of its outer bark
and beeswax is used to form a mouthpiece.
Double bass: A string instrument that resembles the bass.
The double bass is larger and creates deeper tones than the
Drum: A percussion instrument consisting of a hollow
cylinder with membranes stretched tightly over one or both
ends. Striking the membrane plays the drum.
Drum, bass: A large type of drum that gives loud, deep
sounds when played.
Drums, kettle: A drum consisting of a copper pot with a
membrane stretched across the top opening.
Drum, snare: A drum with wires stretched across the
bottom that increase reverb.
Dulcimer: An instrument with varying length strings,
stretched over a sound box. Dulcimers are played by either
plucking the strings, or striking them with padded mallets.
Euphonium: A smaller and higher pitched version of the
tuba. Often seen in military processions.
Fife: A small high-pitched flute. Fifes are most often seen
accompanying drums in military processions.
Flageolet: Also known as the tin whistle due to its metal
construction. A whistle with six finger holes that is a
member of the recorder family.
Flute: A tubular wind instrument that produces highpitched
Gittern: A plucked string member of the guitar family.
The gittern has four strings and the rounded back of a lute.
Glass harmonica: Invented by Ben Franklin. The glass
harmonica is based on the principle of vibrating wine
glasses. It consists of a series of glass bowls without stems
that rotate in a tray of water. The musician touches the rims
of the bowls, causing them to vibrate and make sound.
Glockenspiel: A percussion instrument consisting of a
series of metal bars that is played with a pair of light
Gong: A percussion instrument consisting of a large metal
Harmonica: A small rectangular instrument made of
metal and wood played by inhaling or exhaling through its
row of reeds.
Harmonicon: A Scottish instrument consisting of 65
pieces of slate, cut to different sizes. These pieces form a
musical scale and are played by striking the stones with
wooden mallets. The sheer size of this instrument requires
three performers to operate it.
Harmonium: A keyboard instrument that resembles an
organ that uses metal reeds to create sounds.
Harp: A string instrument consisting of an upright frame
with strings. The strings are plucked to create sounds.
Harpsichord: A keyboard instrument that utilizes quills to
pluck the strings to make sound.
Hautboy: Also known as the oboe. A woodwind
instrument with a double reed.
Horn: An ancient wind instrument originally made from
wood or animal horn. The horn evolved into a spiral shape
to reduce its length making it easier to use during hunting.
Horn, alpine: A horn made from wooden strips bound
with birch bark. It can be straight or bent and is usually
around three to ten foot in length. Most often used as a
signal, it can also play simple melodies.
Horn, English: Neither English, or a horn, this instrument
is a large oboe with a bulb shaped bell.
Horn, French: A horn with keys that change the length of
the tubing, thus changing the sound allowing for multiple
notes to be played.
Kanteel: An ancestor of the dulcimer. The kanteel consists
of a music box with various strings stretched across the top.
Lute: A plucked string instrument from the guitar family.
It consists of a short fretted neck, a round back, and a body
with a shape something like a pear.
Lyre: Related to the harp. The lyre consists of a sound box
with strings strung perpendicularly to it. Two arms connect
the soundbox to the yoke. The yoke supports the strings
opposite of the soundbox.
Mandolin: A plucked string instrument that has four
strings that are tuned like a violin. The fingerboard is
fretted and played with a pick like a guitar. The instrument
has the rounded back of a lute.
Marimbas: A percussion instrument, similar to a
xylophone, only with a mellower sound.
Mellophone: A wind instrument similar to a trumpet
except for its large bell and larger piping. Most commonly
seen in marching bands.
Mouth harp: A bow shaped instrument that is placed
against the cheek and plucked causing the vibrations to
travel through the performer’s mouth. To change the tone
of the instrument, the performer simply changes the shape
of his mouth.
Musette: A simple small bagpipe. Musette can also refer
to an ancient form of oboe.
Oboe: A woodwind instrument with a double reed. The
oboe creates a mellow, reedy sound.
Organ, pipe: A large keyboard instrument that uses air
passing through various lengths and combinations of pipe
to make sound.
Organ, reed: Much like the pipe organ except that the
pipes are replaced with reeds that make sound much like a
Panpipes: An instrument consisting of a series of small
pipes bound together from smallest to largest and stopped
at the bottom. Blowing across the ends of the pipes plays
Piccolo: A smaller flute that creates much higher tones
than the standard flute.
Plectrum: A piece of ivory or other material used to pluck
Psaltery: An ancestor of the dulcimer. A soundbox with
various strings stretched across the top that are plucked or
Rattle: A percussion instrument consisting of a shell filled
with beans or other similar items that makes a rattling
sound when shaken.
Rebab: A small lyre shaped instrument formed from a
single piece of metal with a small metal strip that forms a
tongue within the base. The thin part of the instrument is
gripped with the teeth and the metal tongue is plucked with
the forefinger to make the tones.
Rebeck: A pear shaped bowed string instrument.
Recorder: A simple wind instrument related to the flute.
A mouthpiece sits atop an open tube with finger holes. Air
is blown through the tube and the finger holes are covered
to change the tone, creating different notes.
Sackbut: An ancestor of the trombone.
Seraphina: Also known as a seraphine. A piano like
instrument, the seraphina is actually a wind instrument.
Instead of strings, this instrument uses reeds that consist of
a thin tongue of brass that play freely through a slot in a
Shawm: A double reed instrument made of wood with a
large conical bore that predates the oboe. It produces a
loud nasal sound. The shawm was often used in civil
Sirene: A musical instrument that can also be used to
determine the number of sound waves per second that
produce a certain pitch. A perforated rotating disk or disks
produce the sounds of this instrument. One form of the
sirene is steam operated and is used as a foghorn.
Slide whistle: A flute like instrument with no finger holes.
A plunger in the center of the instrument is pushed into or
drawn from the body to change the pitch, creating different
Systrum: A percussion instrument of African origin. The
instrument consists of a handle on which a carved, hollow
head sits. Within the head are disks that rattle when the
instrument is struck. The systrum was originally used in
religious and temple ceremonies.
Tabor: A small drum fixed to the performer with a strap.
This drum was often used in conjunction with a small flute.
Taboret: A smaller version of the tabor.
Tambour: A relatively generic French term for a wide
variety of drums of various different constructions.
Tambourine: A percussion instrument consisting of a
shallow wooden ring with a membrane stretched across the
top. In the wooden ring a series of metal disks are
suspended. The disks jingle when the disk is struck.
Thearbo: A member of the lute family that has an
elongated neck and two sets of strings.
Tom-tom: A small drum with two heads. Commonly used
in jazz music. A favorite of beatniks.
Triangle: A percussion instrument consisting of a metal
bar bent into the form of a triangle. The triangle produces
a high-pitched sound when struck.
Trumpet: A brass instrument with three valves and a cup
Tuba: A large member of the brass family, the tuba
produces very low tones.
Tympani: Also known as a kettledrum. A membrane is
stretched over a large copper kettle. This drum creates
loud, low tones.
Vielle: Also known as a hurdy-gurdy. An ancestor of the
violin. Most often used by the upper class of the middle
Viol: The ancestor of the double bass. This six-string
instrument had a sweeter sound than today’s violin family.
Viola: Similar to a violin, only larger. The viola is the
second highest pitched instrument of the violin family.
Violin: A bow stringed instrument. The violin has four
strings and is played with a bow or can be plucked. The
body of the instrument has sound holes and is slightly
bulged. The body is longer than the neck.
Virginal: A keyboard instrument similar to the
harpsichord. It has a set of strings that run parallel to the
Weiro: A percussion instrument made from a dried gourd
with a serrated edge. Scraping the edge with a stick creates
a rasping sound.
Whistle: A basic wind instrument with few if any finger
holes and a simple mouthpiece.
Xylophone: A percussion instrument with a row of
wooden bars arranged in the manner of a piano keyboard.
The bars are supported with a metal frame over resonator
tubes. The blocks are struck with hammers to produce
Zitar: A plucked string instrument of Indian origin. The
zitar is constructed of a long fretted neck with a round body
made of teak wood. Its main resonator is made of a
Zither: A string instrument consisting of a wooden frame
over which two sets of strings are stretched. Five of the
strings are used for melody while the rest are used for
Saddle, Tack, & Harness
Bit: The mouthpiece of a bridle, which is used to control
the speed of the horse, determine the direction the horse is
traveling and to stop the horse, while keeping the horses
head in its natural position.
Bridle: The bridle is made up of the following piece: Reins
- which are held by the rider to guide the horse,
Crownpiece - which fits over the horses ears and helps to
hold the bridle on, Browband - which sets on the horses
forehead and helps hold the bridle on, Noseband - fitting
around the horses nose helping to hold the bridle on,
Cheekpiece - which attaches to the bit and the crownpiece
and holds the bit to the bridle, Throatlatch - going under the
horses jaw and attaches to the crownpiece helping hold the
bridle on, and Bit - which attaches to the reins and the
Collar: The section of the harness that fits across the
withers and over the shoulders of a draft animal that is used
for the purpose of restraint.
Halter: A rope or strap with a noose or a headstall for
leading or restraining horses or cattle. The halter fits
around the horse’s neck, and when tied, runs behind the
ears, down the head and forms a nose band.
Harness: The combination of straps and bands which
make up the working gear of a draft animal. The pieces of
the harness are as follows: Crownpiece (see Bridle), Front
- which runs in front of the ears and helps to keep the
harness on, Blinker - the horse’s blinder, one on each side
of the harness, Cheek Strap, Noseband (see Bridle), Bit
(see Bridle), Sidecheck - connects to the bit, and runs back
along the body attaching to the harness, Throatlatch - a
strap that runs under the horse’s throat and helps hold the
bridle in place, Reins (see Bridle), Hame - One of two
pieces lying on the collar that are attached to the traces,
Collar (see above), Martingale - a strap that fastens to the
girth, runs between the forelegs, through a loop in the hame
fastening to the noseband, which is used to steady and hold
the horse’s head down, Hame Tug - a short leather strap
attaching the trace to the hame, Bellyband, Breeching -
passes around the horse’s haunches, Trace - one of the two
ropes, chains or straps that wagon, cart, etc. is drawn by a
harnessed draft animal, Crupper - a leather strap used to
keep the harness from slipping forward, Hip Straps, Saddle
- a leather strap that runs across the draft animal’s back and
attaches to the bellyband, Terret - a round loop attached to
the saddle of a harness and the reins pass through these.
Lance Rest (or Socket): A leather sleeve or wooden
socket into which a rider may rest a lance. The weapon is
still in an upright position and has only to be pulled up and
out to be removed.
Lariat: A long rope ending in a noose used to catch
horses and other livestock. Also referred to as a lasso. A
lariat is also a rope used to picket animals.
Quirt: A riding whip with a short, stout stock, usually
made of wood, and extended from the stock is a short lash
of braided leather.
Saddle (riding): A seat for a rider on the back of a horse or
other animal. The riding saddle consists of the following:
Pommel - the front part of saddle, sometimes having a
knob, Seat, Cantle - the back part of the saddle which
usually curves upwards, Panel - the part that runs under the
seat, Skirt - a leather flap on each side of the saddle
covering the metal bar where the stirrups hang, Girth - a
strap that runs underneath the horse that keeps the saddle in
place, Stirrup Leather - a leather strap that is secured under
the skirt and hangs down holding a stirrup, Stirrup - the
place where the rider places his foot to mount the horse and
Saddle bags: A large pair of bags, normally made of
leather, used to carry the rider’s possessions. these bags are
either hung from or laid over the saddle.
Saddle blanket: A cloth pad placed beneath the saddle
which is used to protect the horse’s back from the
abrasiveness of the saddle.
Saddle pad: See blanket above.
Saddle, roping/working: More than a seat for the casual
ride, this saddle is made tougher for more endurance. This
one has a wider seat to be able to stay in the saddle better,
while performing more strenuous acts than just riding, such
as herding. The skirt is more pronounced, and the cantle
rises a little higher for more stability. The working saddle
also contains the following: Back Jockey - a thick piece of
leather that runs under the seat for more support, Saddle
Strings - to tie equipment to the saddle (rope or tools),
Flaps - these run down the side of the saddle covering and
protecting the stirrup leathers.
Saddle, sidesaddle: This saddle is made specifically for
women. When using a side saddle, the woman would sit
facing forward with both feet on the left side of the horse.
Saddle, war (high back): This saddle is made more for
staying on your mount than for simple comfort. The area of
the pommel and the cantle both flare up, and the seat is
placed lower than in a normal saddle in order to keep the
rider mounted whether from reaching out to attack another
horseman or footman, or absorbing an attack himself and
trying to stay mounted. The stirrup leathers are thicker as
well as longer. This will allow for the extra weight and
these can be extended to allow for balance and stability for
swinging weapons from a mount. A scabbard for the
warriors blade is usually attached, as well as a lance rest
Traces: See Harness above.
Whip: See Quirt above.
Yoke: The yoke is used for joining together draft animals,
normally a pair of oxen consisting of a crosspiece, and two
bow-shaped pieces, each for holding the head of an
animal. A yoke can also refer to a pair of draft animals
fastened together with a yoke.
Bit & brace
Zax (slate axe)
Bolt & nut
Special Tools for Construction
Block & tackle
Tools, Burglars, Thieves
Brace & bits (metal and wood)
Files, metal (flat, round, triangular)
Grappling hook & fine, strong rope
Jack (screw, small and up)
Knives (small, medium, and large)
Lantern, hooded bullseye
Lock picks (assorted, two or more
Metal saw, large
Metal saw, small
Pole, cap for, with blade
Pole, cap for, with hook
Pole, cap for, with spring clamp
Pole, metal telescoping
Saw, wire blade with wooden handles
Treble hook, small, and cord
Balls and jacks
Chalk & slate
Figures, animal, wooden
Figures, human, wooden
Hoop & stick
Ships, miniature, wooden, floating
Ships, miniature, wooden, wheeled
Soldiers, toy, wooden (various kinds,
mounted and afoot)
Vehicles, miniature, wooden